Perseveration


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Perseveration

 

the persistent recurrence in a human being of a given mental image, action, or state. Perseveration can arise in the motor sphere, as in clonic or tonic perseveration; in the sensory sphere, as in certain eidetic phenomena; in the emotional sphere, in which case it is called perseveration of affect; and in the intellectual sphere. It arises in everyday life, for example, in the form of certain erroneous acts, slips of the pen, or slips of the tongue; it is especially common under conditions of fatigue or severe emotional strain, as well as in certain pathological states, for example, some mental diseases and certain types of localized lesions in the brain. Strictly speaking, perseveration, which is an essentially isolated and accidental phenomenon within the total context of a person’s mental life, should not be confused with what is referred to in psychiatry as an idée fixe, or obsessive thought.

REFERENCES

Zeigarnik, B. V. Vvedenie v patopsikhologiiu. Moscow, 1969.
Zimmer, O. Perseveration, Einstellung und Bereitschaft. Bonn, 1933.

A. A. PUZYREI

References in periodicals archive ?
As described in previous studies, when medicated, some of the children showed perseveration in reproducing the same sketch (Abraham et al.
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And indeed, when I accept the reality that my brain is going to drift into distracting thoughts--that distraction and perseveration and fidgeting is an inevitable part of how my brain works--and when I accept this reality without judgment, and move on from it, I'm not just practicing mindfulness.
Does the person engage in poor judgment, perseveration about violent methods to resolve a personal issue, or exhibit negative coping skills?
This is in line with studies that reported increased response perseveration and a less adaptive response allocation to the changing reinforcement contingencies on a concurrent-reinforcement task both after acute delta-9 THC administration (Lane & Cherek 2002) and in heavy cannabis-smoking adolescents (Lane et al.