Persius


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Persius

or

Aulus Persius Flaccus

(pûr`shēəs; ôl`əs, flăk`əs), A.D. 34–A.D. 62, Roman satirical poet, b. Etruria. A member of a distinguished family, he went to Rome in boyhood, was educated there, and came under the influence of the Stoic philosopher Lucius Annaeus Cornutus, to whom he became attached in lasting friendship. Gentle and modest by nature, Persius had high moral standards. His writings (only six short satires), influenced in manner by HoraceHorace
(Quintus Horatius Flaccus) , 65 B.C.–8 B.C., Latin poet, one of the greatest of lyric poets, b. Venusia, S Italy. He studied at Rome and Athens and, joining Brutus and the republicans, fought (42 B.C.) at Philippi.
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 and LuciliusLucilius, Gaius
, c.180–102? B.C., Latin satiric poet, considered the founder of Latin satire, b. Campania, Italy. About 1,300 fragments survive from his 30 books. He influenced Horace, Persius, and Juvenal.
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, preach Stoic moral doctrine. He exposed to censure the corruption and folly of contemporary Roman life, contrasting it with the ideals of the Stoics and of earlier Rome. Persius' writing is harsh, obscure, and difficult to translate.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Persius

 

(Aulus Persius Flaccus). Born Dec. 4, 34, in Volater-rae; died Nov. 24, 62, near Rome. Roman poet and satirist.

Persius was in sympathy with the Senate’s opposition to Nero but was not active in public life. The themes of his six satires, published posthumously, are traditional for Stoic philosophy: the necessity of improving morals; education; self-knowledge; true freedom; and the wise use of wealth. The tone of the satires is impassioned and their style artificial. Persius continued the tradition of Horace and himself influenced Juvenal.

EDITIONS

Satirae. Berlin, 1932.

Satirae. Oxford, 1961.

In Russian translation:

Satiry. In Rimskaia satira. Moscow, 1957. (Translated by F. A. Petrovskii.)

REFERENCE

Marmorale, E. V. Persio, 2nd ed. Florence, 1956.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
and Persius, were no prophets, although their lines did seem
giudici Cust, Bata, Maveri e Persius che, convocati per una riunione straordinaria, alludono a una tela di intrighi e manovre tessuta dai partiti politici in una citta infame e malsana.
(12) The new quotation from the concluding lines of Persius's Second Satire, a poem that laments the want of the pure of heart, describes a genuinely honest man.
For comparison, here is Niall Rudd's translation of these lines in Penguin's The Satires of Horace and Persius (1973): "I happened to be strolling down Sacred Way, trying out / some piece of nonsense as I often do and completely absorbed in it, / when suddenly a fellow whom I knew only by name dashed up / and seized me by the hand." I have not attempted to track down McNeilly's entire translation in its original source.
The Satires of Juvenal and Persius. Editado por Charles Anthon, William Tegg and Co., 1858.
Persius, in his 5th Satire, censuring a pompous style of declamation, writes, 'Nec scloppo tumidas intendis rumpere buccas.' See Delphin edition, London, 1786, p.
MACC had on January 3 issued a notice calling for Anthony, and a lawyer, Michael Persius Ubu, to surrender themselves within 48 hours to facilitate investigations into the purchase of an RM155 million plot of oil palm land.
But the search for a model for diatribe in Paul should be widened to include the satires of Horace (3) and Paul's contemporary Persius, and the moral essays of their contemporary Seneca, each of whom invents bullying characters who harangue the narrative speaker.
'After the session, Jonah Kirui, alias Persius Hunter, and armed Flying Squad officers from Chumvi police station stormed my residence and harassed me,' Langat said.