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in law, harm to a man’s person rather than his property, caused by illegal acts. Personal injury includes the lessening of an individual’s dignity, the infliction of mental and physical suffering, and damage to a person’s reputation.
In accordance with Soviet legislation, personal injury is not subject to material compensation. Citizens’ honor and dignity, as personal values, are protected through procedures established by criminal law (seeDEFAMATION and INSULT) and civil law (art. 7 of the Basic Principles of Civil Legislation of the USSR and the Union Republics and the corresponding articles of the civil codes of the Union republics).
Foreign legislation permits compensation for personal injury. In some countries, it is permissible only in cases provided by law; in others, there are no such limitations. For example, in accordance with the Civil Code of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, in cases of harm to health, a one-time payment is granted to compensate for physical suffering and decreased work possibilities (sec. 444). The amount of compensation is determined by the court.