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(perevoploshchenie), the ability of an actor to appear on stage or in film in the character of another person; the creative foundation and distinctive quality of the art of acting.
An actor’s voice, diction, movements, and temperament, as well as his makeup and costume, are all resources used in personation. The art of external personation involves the alteration of an actor’s physical appearance in order to endow the character with certain individual or “type” characteristics. A higher stage in the development of realism is represented by the art of inner personation, when the actor renders the inner essence of the character he is portraying.
The basic divisions of the Stanislavsky’s method are devoted to the study of the means and methods of personation (characterization). Drawing on the many centuries of theatrical tradition, he created theoretical and practical principles for working on a role—principles that help the actor identify with the character he is personating and become one with that character.
REFERENCESStanislavsky, K. S. Sobr. soch., vol. 3. Moscow, 1955.
Popov, A. D. “Ob iskusstve perevoploshcheniia aktera.” In the collection Rezhisserskoe iskusstvo segodnia. Moscow, 1962.