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1. Law a human being or a corporation recognized in law as having certain rights and obligations
2. Philosophy a being characterized by consciousness, rationality, and a moral sense, and traditionally thought of as consisting of both a body and a mind or soul
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a linguistic category expressing relationship to participation in the act of speech. It is usually divided into three designations—the first person, indicating the one who is speaking; the second person, meaning the one to whom speech is addressed; and the third person, meaning a nonparticipant in the act of speech.

In many languages of the world (including Mongolian and Dravidian, as well as some Caucasian, African, and American Indian languages) the first-person plural (and dual) permits a distinction of inclusiveness (“we, including you”) and exclusiveness (“we, excluding you”). In a number of languages the expression of the person of the object of action appears regularly in the verb; for example, Koryak tug’etgi, “I awaited you,” and tug’etyn, “I awaited him.”

In the system of personal pronouns person is the main category and can be complexly interwoven with the categories of number, spatial orientation, and others.

In some languages the category of person, being grammatical, is expressed morphologically, primarily in the verb (Russian chitaiu, chitaesh,’ chitaet—”I read,” “you read,” “he reads”). In other languages the verb has one form for different persons (in Danish all the present-tense forms of “read” are laeser and in Malayalam, vāyikkunnu). Sometimes person is also regularly expressed as part of a noun, for example, in Hungarian házam, “my house” and házad, “your house.”


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


According to most codes: an individual, partnership, corporation, or other legal entity.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in classic literature ?
'You were going to tell me something about that person. What did you say his name was?'
Yet--your sister--scarcely looks or speaks like an ignorant person.'
ISLAMABAD -- The government, while declaring 7218 persons as banned, has frozen their assets and banks have also been forbidden to grant any type of loan to the persons declared banned and their arm licences have also been cancelled.
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Investigators noted that the persons caught passing the cards were primarily of Yugoslavian or Albanian descent.
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