Perth


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Perth,

city (2016 pop. 21,797, Greater Perth 2016 pop. 1,943,858), capital of Western Australia, SW Australia, on the Swan River estuary. FremantleFremantle
, city (2016 pop. 28,893), Western Australia, SW Australia, a suburb of Perth, on the Indian Ocean at the mouth of the Swan River. It is the terminus of the Trans-Australian RR and the chief commercial port of the state.
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 is Perth's port. Perth is a communications and transportation center and the state's financial, commercial, and cultural hub. The suburbs of Fremantle, Kwinana, and Welshpool have heavy industries. Perth was founded in 1829 but did not gain importance until the Coolgardie gold rush (1890s), the development of the port at Fremantle, and the construction of rail lines (early 20th cent.). Perth evolved into a modern metropolis in the late 20th cent. and saw much new construction. The Univ. of Western Australia and Murdoch Univ. are there. It is also the seat of Roman Catholic and Anglican archbishops. Perth is very isolated; Adelaide, the closest major city, is nearly 2,000 mi (3,219 km) away.

Perth,

former county, Scotland: see PerthshirePerthshire
or Perth,
former county, central Scotland. Under the Local Government Act of 1973, Perthshire was divided between the Tayside and Central regions. In the local government reorganization of 1996, those regions were dissolved and the council area of Perth and
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.

Perth,

town (1991 pop. 41,916), Perth and Kinross, central Scotland, on the Tay River. It was called St. Johnstoun until the 17th cent. Perth is famous for its dye works and cattle markets. Other industries are linen and wool factories and whiskey distilling. Points of interest include Tay St., beside the river, and the Inches, parks that were formerly islands in the Tay.

Strategically located between the Highlands and the Lowlands, Perth was long an important military fortress. It was the capital of Scotland from the 11th to the mid-15th cent. James I of Scotland was murdered there in 1437. John Knox preached his famous sermon against idolatry in the Church of St. John in 1559; the resulting iconoclasm leveled the city's four monasteries. Gowrie House (no longer standing) was the scene (1600) of a plot to seize James VI (James I of England; see RuthvenRuthven
, Scottish noble family, believed to trace its ancestry to Thor, a Saxon or Dane, who settled in Scotland in the reign of David I. The name is derived from lands in Perthshire held by the family.
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, family). James I in 1618 issued the Five Articles of Perth, which opened the battle between crown and church. The earl of Montrose took the city after the battle of Tippermuir in 1644; Oliver CromwellCromwell, Oliver
, 1599–1658, lord protector of England. Parliamentary General

The son of a gentry family, he entered Cambridge in 1616 but probably left the next year.
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 seized it again in 1651. It was held by Jacobites in 1689, 1715, and 1745. A prison was built in 1812 for French prisoners of war.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Perth

 

a city in western Australia and the capital of the state of Western Australia; situated on the Swan River 20 km from the Indian Ocean. Population, 97,500 (1971; including suburbs, 725,000). Perth is a major industrial, commercial, and transportation center of Western Australia. Agricultural and mining products are exported from the city through the ports of Fre-mantle and Kwinana. Perth has facilities for shipbuilding and the manufacture of automobiles and hoisting and transportation equipment. There are chemical, textile, and wood-processing industries. Meat is one of the products of the city’s food-processing industry. Paper and cardboard are manufactured locally. Perth has a university.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Perth

1. a city in central Scotland, in Perth and Kinross on the River Tay: capital of Scotland from the 12th century until the assassination of James I there in 1437. Pop.: 43 450 (2001)
2. a city in SW Australia, capital of Western Australia, on the Swan River: major industrial centre; University of Western Australia (1911). Pop.: 1 176 542 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
'It will be a welcome addition to the Airport West Retail Park which will be situated next to the DFO, creating one of Perth's premium destination retail locations.'
Local landmarks Optus Stadium, Matagarup Bridge, Elizabeth Quay, Yagan Square, Trafalgar Bridge and the Perth Bell Tower will all be lit up in red, while city streets Adelaide Terrace, James Street, Mounts Bay Road and the Causeway will see the United flag flying.
Birnam Arts, Dunkeld AUGUST 11 FUNBOX: THE WILD WEST SHOW Anya, Kevin, Gary and Bonzo, the gang of expert kids performers formerly known as the Singing Kettle, bring their Western-themed show to Perth.
''Nothing could've been embraced by the people of the city more than the Hopman Cup in Perth, so my immediate feeling is sadness that it's not going to be there anymore, and concern about where the Hopman Cup may be in the future.''
Perth Scorchers are slated to begin their campaign at the Big Bash League against Melbourne Renegades on December 20.
The pervert was a director of the Perth Festival of the Arts and was associated with the Perth Youth Orchestra for several years.
Across all 15 fixtures, Perth has committed nearly PS1.25million with others highlights including Gold Cup Day, the new Saturday fixture in June and September's Glorious Finale.
Assistant Chief Constable John Hawkins, from Police Scotland, said in a statement: "Following an incident on Monday within a police vehicle in Perth, a 45-year-old man and 17-yearold woman have been arrested.
He adds: "Perth has got a huge amount of positive stuffhappening in terms of retail with the former McEwans of Perth store being taken over by the Beales Group.
He won every junior and schoolboy title going and after he quit the ring formed Perth Green ABC in the 1980s with his brother Frank.