Perugino

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Perugino

(pāro͞ojē`nō), c.1445–1523?, Umbrian painter, b. near Perugia. His real name was Pietro di Cristoforo Vannucci. Perugino is, after Raphael, the greatest painter of the Umbrian school. His tenderness of color and simplicity of style evolved into a more contemplative expression in his later years. He studied under Fiorenzo di Lorenzo, assisted Piero della Francesca at Arezzo, and was a fellow pupil of Leonardo da Vinci and Lorenzo di Credi in Verrocchio's studio in Florence. In 1479 Perugino was summoned to Rome by Pope Sixtus IV to help decorate the Sistine Chapel. Some of his work there was destroyed to make room for Michelangelo's Last Judgment. The remaining fresco, Christ Giving the Keys to St. Peter, is one of the greatest paintings from the second half of the 15th cent. because of its simplicity and clarity of composition. From 1486 to 1491 Perugino worked mainly in Florence. Important works of that period are the Madonna with Saints and Angels (Louvre); Pietà (Pitti Palace, Florence); The Crucifixion, fresco (Santa Maria Maddalena dei Pazzi, Florence); Madonna Enthroned with Saints (Vatican); and The Crucifixion (National Gall. of Art, Washington, D.C.). His last period (1505–23), centering mainly about Umbria, was one of great productivity. He had many pupils and assistants, among them the youthful Raphael. From 1496 to 1498 Perugino worked on the great altarpiece, The Ascension, for San Pietro of Perugia. He also undertook the decoration of the audience hall of the Cambio in Perugia, consisting of allegorical figures and two sacred subjects, Nativity and Transfiguration. In 1500 he painted the altarpiece, Madonna and Saints, for the Certosa of Pavia. Other works of the last period are Triumph of Chastity (Louvre), a panel painted for the study of Isabella d'Este at Mantua; Virgin between St. Jerome and St. Francis and The Adoration of the Shepherds, his last work (both: National Gall., London); and Annunciation (National Gall. of Art, Washington, D.C.).

Bibliography

See B. Berenson, Italian Painters of the Renaissance (Vol. II, 1897, repr. 1968); biography by E. Hutton (1907).

Perugino

Il , real name Pietro Vannucci. 1446--1523, Italian painter; master of Raphael. His works include the fresco Christ giving the Keys to Peter in the Sistine Chapel, Rome
References in periodicals archive ?
Zebre: Odiete; Sarto, Garcia (capt), Pace, Sinoti; Halangahu, Tebaldi; Perugini, Manici, Ryan, Sole, Cazzola, Ferrarini, van Schalkwyk, Cattina.
VERDICT: With Brunel having ditched seasoned campaigners like Mirco Bergamasco, Salvatore Perugini and Carlo Del Fava in favour of untried youngsters, it's likely to be a case of short-term pain for long-term gain.
Munster came out with more purpose in the second half and went for the jugular after Perugini was yellow-carded for tackling a player without the ball.
It was 1-0 after one on Ferriero's goal, then Helminen beat Perugini with a 50-foot wrist shot at 3:46 of the second.
And Perugini, who once again starts on the bench, insists Italy can take advantage of England's problems to inflict a first victory over their visitors in the history of the game.
Yves Donguy and Salvatore Perugini pounced for further Toulouse tries.
Toulouse pulled away after the interval with scores from Yves Donguy - converted by Gaffie du Toit - and Salvatore Perugini.
CONTACT: Ashley Pearce, or Christie Peeler, both of Dancie Perugini Ware Public Relations, +1-713-224-9115, for Tower of the Americas
ITALY: C Stoica' P Canavosio, G Canale, Mirco Bergamasco, L Nitoglia' R Pez, P Griffen' S Perugini, F Ongaro, C Nieto, S Dellape, Bortolami, J Sole, Mauro Bergamasco, S Parisse.
Forwards: Fabio Ongaro (Treviso), Carlo Festuccia (Gran Parma), Andrea Lo Cicero (L'Aquila), Martin Castrogiovanni (Calvisano), Salvatore Perugini (Calvisano), Carlos Nieto (Viadana), Marco Bortolami (Narbonne), Santiago Dellape (Agen), Carlo Del Fava (Bourgoin), Mauro Bergamasco (Stade Francais), Josh Sole (Viadana), Maurizio Zaffiri (Calvisano), Sergio Parisse (Stade Francais), Alessandro Zanni (Calvisano).
He was head-butted by prop Salvatore Perugini, elbowed and pushed to the ground by fly-half Diego Dominguez and flattened by Perugini's fellow prop Giampiero de Carli all during a 15minute first-half spell.
The Munster number nine was flattened by Salvatore Perugini in an extraordinary moment of madness, and though the prop somehow escaped a sending off he added to Italy's yellow card shame in the championship.