Perugino


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Perugino

(pāro͞ojē`nō), c.1445–1523?, Umbrian painter, b. near Perugia. His real name was Pietro di Cristoforo Vannucci. Perugino is, after Raphael, the greatest painter of the Umbrian school. His tenderness of color and simplicity of style evolved into a more contemplative expression in his later years. He studied under Fiorenzo di Lorenzo, assisted Piero della Francesca at Arezzo, and was a fellow pupil of Leonardo da Vinci and Lorenzo di Credi in Verrocchio's studio in Florence. In 1479 Perugino was summoned to Rome by Pope Sixtus IV to help decorate the Sistine Chapel. Some of his work there was destroyed to make room for Michelangelo's Last Judgment. The remaining fresco, Christ Giving the Keys to St. Peter, is one of the greatest paintings from the second half of the 15th cent. because of its simplicity and clarity of composition. From 1486 to 1491 Perugino worked mainly in Florence. Important works of that period are the Madonna with Saints and Angels (Louvre); Pietà (Pitti Palace, Florence); The Crucifixion, fresco (Santa Maria Maddalena dei Pazzi, Florence); Madonna Enthroned with Saints (Vatican); and The Crucifixion (National Gall. of Art, Washington, D.C.). His last period (1505–23), centering mainly about Umbria, was one of great productivity. He had many pupils and assistants, among them the youthful Raphael. From 1496 to 1498 Perugino worked on the great altarpiece, The Ascension, for San Pietro of Perugia. He also undertook the decoration of the audience hall of the Cambio in Perugia, consisting of allegorical figures and two sacred subjects, Nativity and Transfiguration. In 1500 he painted the altarpiece, Madonna and Saints, for the Certosa of Pavia. Other works of the last period are Triumph of Chastity (Louvre), a panel painted for the study of Isabella d'Este at Mantua; Virgin between St. Jerome and St. Francis and The Adoration of the Shepherds, his last work (both: National Gall., London); and Annunciation (National Gall. of Art, Washington, D.C.).

Bibliography

See B. Berenson, Italian Painters of the Renaissance (Vol. II, 1897, repr. 1968); biography by E. Hutton (1907).

Perugino

Il , real name Pietro Vannucci. 1446--1523, Italian painter; master of Raphael. His works include the fresco Christ giving the Keys to Peter in the Sistine Chapel, Rome
References in periodicals archive ?
Perugino had been the most prominent member of the team that frescoed the walls of the Sistine Chapel some thirty years earlier.
Perugino was responsible for decorating the walls of the Sistine Chapel for Sixtus IV in the 1480s, and brought together painters--including Botticelli and Signorelli--to assist him.
With these figures, we see Raphael taking a long and very significant step away from the graceful Perugino in the direction of what was to become, less than a decade later, the summa of his art: the Vatican Stanze.
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It is only in the most technical sense Saint Mary Magdalen, and Perugino has blazoned her name in embroidered capitals across her tunic as if in wry recognition of this.
Perugino, 1448-1523, the teacher of Raphael, is represented in a portrait of St.
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The area's importance to the arts was solidified with High Renaissance painter Pietro Perugino and Renaissance master Raphael activity in Perugia that featured many famous Frescos, including the Oddi Altar, which was painted in 1502-1504.