Peruvian bark

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Peruvian bark:

see cinchonacinchona
or chinchona
, name for species of the genus Cinchona, evergreen trees of the madder family native to the Andean highlands from Bolivia to Colombia and also to some mountainous regions of Panama and Costa Rica.
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The Peruvian bark tree, also known as the Jesuit tree or the fever tree, is a cinchona (1) of the family Rubiaceae, native to the western forests of the South American Andes.
Many of these patients would have suffered from malaria, hence the response to quinine, but Peruvian bark grew only in South America and an alternative treatment would have been a great breakthrough.
They certainly ruled with firm hands, backed up by heavy rulers - made of Peruvian bark according to rumors.