Pervez Musharraf

(redirected from Pervaz Musharraf)

Musharraf, Pervez

(pĕrvās` mo͞oshär`rŭf), 1943–, Pakistani army officer, president of Pakistan (2001–), b. Delhi. After the partition of British India, his family resettled in Karachi, Pakistan; he spent (1949–56) some of his childhood in Turkey, where his father was posted as a diplomat. He entered the Pakistan Military Academy in 1961 and became (1964) an artillery officer, rising through the ranks to major general (1991), lieutenant general (1995), and general and chief of army staff (1998). In 1999 he became chairman of the joint chiefs of staff committee.

In Oct., 1999, Prime Minister Nawaz SharifSharif, Nawaz
, 1949–, Pakistani politician; grad. Government College, Lahore; Punjab Univ. Law College. Born into a prominent Lahore business family, he was by 1980 director of one of Pakistan's largest industrial conglomerates.
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 attempted to remove Musharraf by refusing his returning flight landing rights in Pakistan. The move led to a coup by Musharraf, who became chief executive; he appointed himself president 20 months later. A controversial referendum in 2002 extended his rule for five years. Musharraf was reelected in 2007, but his right to run while still army chief was challenged; before the supreme court could rule, he suspended the constitution, declared emergency rule, and dismissed the court members who seemed likely to rule against him. After the challenges were dismissed, he resigned (Nov., 2007) as army chief.

The subsequent election victory (Feb., 2008) by opposition parties and the establishment of an opposition coalition government undermined his position, and after the coalition, at the instigation of Sharif, moved to impeach him, he resigned from office (Aug., 2008). A declared supporter of a democratic, nonfundamentalist Islamic Pakistan and a supporter as well of the U.S. war on terror, Musharraf twice was the target of assassination attempts while president. After resigning, he went into self-imposed exile in 2009 and did not return to Pakistan until 2013; he was then disqualified from running for office. He subsequently was charged with treason and in connection with Benazir BhuttoBhutto, Benazir
, 1953–2007, prime minister of Pakistan (1988–90; 1993–96), daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Educated at Radcliffe and Oxford, she returned to Pakistan shortly before her father was overthrown by General Zia ul-Haq in 1977.
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's assassination and other deaths and actions; he was acquitted in one case in 2016. He left Pakistan in 2016, alledgedly for medical treatment, after his travel restrictions were lifted.

Bibliography

See his memoirs (2006).

References in periodicals archive ?
Mirzaqeem recalled that the promises made by the Chief Minister of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pervaz Musharraf with the elders of rights organizations of the district during a meeting with the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf central Chief Imran in his presence could not realize so far and resolved to launch a protest movement again for the attainment of the rights of the people of the district soon after the local government election to be held on May 30.
Engineer Jameel categorically stated that the dual policy on the war of terror by Pervaz Musharraf and current rulers is the sole reason for the assassination of the bravo son of Pukhtoon Bilour.
At one time, the bank was being sold out by former President Pervaz Musharraf and former Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz for their own interests but those nefarious designs were defeated, he remarked.
Pervaz Musharraf, who overthrew the democratically elected government in 1999, continues to suppress the established secular political parties while allowing for the development of Islamic political groups.
JI chief also expressed concerns over the revelations about the infamous National Reconciliation Order (NRO)-a legal less political agreement between the former president General (R) Pervaz Musharraf and then PPP leadership- and stated that Washington was still dictating domestic affairs of Pakistan.