Pervez Musharraf

(redirected from Pervez Musharaf)

Musharraf, Pervez

(pĕrvās` mo͞oshär`rŭf), 1943–, Pakistani army officer, president of Pakistan (2001–), b. Delhi. After the partition of British India, his family resettled in Karachi, Pakistan; he spent (1949–56) some of his childhood in Turkey, where his father was posted as a diplomat. He entered the Pakistan Military Academy in 1961 and became (1964) an artillery officer, rising through the ranks to major general (1991), lieutenant general (1995), and general and chief of army staff (1998). In 1999 he became chairman of the joint chiefs of staff committee.

In Oct., 1999, Prime Minister Nawaz SharifSharif, Nawaz
, 1949–, Pakistani politician; grad. Government College, Lahore; Punjab Univ. Law College. Born into a prominent Lahore business family, he was by 1980 director of one of Pakistan's largest industrial conglomerates.
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 attempted to remove Musharraf by refusing his returning flight landing rights in Pakistan. The move led to a coup by Musharraf, who became chief executive; he appointed himself president 20 months later. A controversial referendum in 2002 extended his rule for five years. Musharraf was reelected in 2007, but his right to run while still army chief was challenged; before the supreme court could rule, he suspended the constitution, declared emergency rule, and dismissed the court members who seemed likely to rule against him. After the challenges were dismissed, he resigned (Nov., 2007) as army chief.

The subsequent election victory (Feb., 2008) by opposition parties and the establishment of an opposition coalition government undermined his position, and after the coalition, at the instigation of Sharif, moved to impeach him, he resigned from office (Aug., 2008). A declared supporter of a democratic, nonfundamentalist Islamic Pakistan and a supporter as well of the U.S. war on terror, Musharraf twice was the target of assassination attempts while president. After resigning, he went into self-imposed exile in 2009 and did not return to Pakistan until 2013; he was then disqualified from running for office. He subsequently was charged with treason and in connection with Benazir BhuttoBhutto, Benazir
, 1953–2007, prime minister of Pakistan (1988–90; 1993–96), daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Educated at Radcliffe and Oxford, she returned to Pakistan shortly before her father was overthrown by General Zia ul-Haq in 1977.
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's assassination and other deaths and actions; he was acquitted (2016) in a case involving the 2006 killing of a Baluch rebel leader, and declared (2017) a fugitive in the Bhutto case. He left Pakistan in 2016, alledgedly for medical treatment, after his travel restrictions were lifted.

Bibliography

See his memoirs (2006).

References in periodicals archive ?
According to him, they could have taken to the streets the way lawyers in Pakistan did when former President Pervez Musharaf 'unconstitutionally' removed the country's Chief Justice.
However, in 2003 the construction gained speed under Pakistan President Pervez Musharaf.
He said that nearly half of the ministers in the federal cabinet had remained ministers in the cabinets of General Pervez Musharaf, Yousaf Raza Gilani and PML-Q.
Talking about former president general (retd) Pervez Musharaf, Zardari said that because he is not an elected ruler, he was unwilling to face jail time.
Besides this, my paintings have been presented as souvenirs to national and international dignitaries including the Qatar Amir HH Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, former President of Pakistan General (Retd) Pervez Musharaf and former Prime Minister of Pakistan Syed Yousaf Raza Gillani.
We will not be intimidated." - Pervez Musharaf, former President of Pakistan.
(R) Pervez Musharaf. He also attacked on Army convoy and camp at Miranshah where many soldiers were martyred.
He said that Fawad Chaudhry never spoke a single word against former dictator Gen (retd) Pervez Musharaf. Barrister Murtaza Wahab said that Shaikh Rasheed Ahmed and Fawad Chaudhry were known for denouncing the democratic forces in the country.
Javed Ashraf Qazi was the railways minister in the tenure of General (r) Pervez Musharaf and he allegedly did corruption in the procurement of railways engines from China.
In exercise of this power, the local governments introduced by Pervez Musharaf were dissolved by provincial govts.
The next time Pakistan's experiment with devolution was under General Pervez Musharaf. His devolutionary exercise was also a legitimising strategy for his centralised rule, since it did not devolve power from the federal level to the provinces and instead focused on creating local governments on non-party basis.
He added that she had rejected the offer by General Pervez Musharaf to return after the election.