Pervez Musharraf

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Musharraf, Pervez

(pĕrvās` mo͞oshär`rŭf), 1943–, Pakistani army officer, president of Pakistan (2001–), b. Delhi. After the partition of British India, his family resettled in Karachi, Pakistan; he spent (1949–56) some of his childhood in Turkey, where his father was posted as a diplomat. He entered the Pakistan Military Academy in 1961 and became (1964) an artillery officer, rising through the ranks to major general (1991), lieutenant general (1995), and general and chief of army staff (1998). In 1999 he became chairman of the joint chiefs of staff committee.

In Oct., 1999, Prime Minister Nawaz SharifSharif, Nawaz
, 1949–, Pakistani politician; grad. Government College, Lahore; Punjab Univ. Law College. Born into a prominent Lahore business family, he was by 1980 director of one of Pakistan's largest industrial conglomerates.
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 attempted to remove Musharraf by refusing his returning flight landing rights in Pakistan. The move led to a coup by Musharraf, who became chief executive; he appointed himself president 20 months later. A controversial referendum in 2002 extended his rule for five years. Musharraf was reelected in 2007, but his right to run while still army chief was challenged; before the supreme court could rule, he suspended the constitution, declared emergency rule, and dismissed the court members who seemed likely to rule against him. After the challenges were dismissed, he resigned (Nov., 2007) as army chief.

The subsequent election victory (Feb., 2008) by opposition parties and the establishment of an opposition coalition government undermined his position, and after the coalition, at the instigation of Sharif, moved to impeach him, he resigned from office (Aug., 2008). A declared supporter of a democratic, nonfundamentalist Islamic Pakistan and a supporter as well of the U.S. war on terror, Musharraf twice was the target of assassination attempts while president. After resigning, he went into self-imposed exile in 2009 and did not return to Pakistan until 2013; he was then disqualified from running for office. He subsequently was charged with treason and in connection with Benazir BhuttoBhutto, Benazir
, 1953–2007, prime minister of Pakistan (1988–90; 1993–96), daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Educated at Radcliffe and Oxford, she returned to Pakistan shortly before her father was overthrown by General Zia ul-Haq in 1977.
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's assassination and other deaths and actions. He left Pakistan in 2016, alledgedly for medical treatment, after his travel restrictions were lifted. He was acquitted (2016) in a case involving the 2006 killing of a Baluch rebel leader and declared (2017) a fugitive in the Bhutto case. In 2019 he was convicted in absentia of treason and sentenced to death for imposing emergency rule in 2007, but that verdict was overturned.


See his memoirs (2006).

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References in periodicals archive ?
The registrar of the special court, Rao Abdul Jabbar told that the court ordered the ministry of law on the previous hearing for formation of the panel of lawyers for defence of Pervez Musharraf, however, no reply has so far been received from ministry of law regarding formation of the panel of lawyers for defence of Pervez Musharraf.
Pervez Musharraf will get all legal rights if he appears before the court on May 2, the Supreme Court said.
Pervez Musharraf would not be questioned about assets, said CJP.
In his reply, Pervez Musharraf has declared the steps taken by him then as legal.
He said that APML would emerge victorious in the elections owing to the measures taken by its founder Pervez Musharraf when he was in power.
During the proceedings of the lifetime disqualification case against Pervez Musharraf, the top judge asked the lawyer, 'Who is Syed Pervez Musharraf?'
Who is Syed Pervez Musharraf?' asked the CJP during a proceeding over the lifetime disqualification case against Pervez Musharraf.
He added that Pervez Musharraf is being harassed continuously.
The court proposed 3 options for Pervez Musharraf to record his statement .
After conducting preliminary hearing of the petition the court had issued notices to former presidents Asif Zardari and Pervez Musharraf on April 24.
ISLAMABAD -- The Supreme Court on Wednesday warned former President General (Retd) Pervez Musharraf to return to country till June 14 by 2pm.
A three-member bench of the Supreme Court headed by Chief Justice Mian Saqib Nisar heard the case on election ineligibility of former President Pervez Musharraf in Islamabad today, reported Radio Pakistan.