Peschel, Oskar

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Peschel, Oskar


Born Mar. 17, 1826, in Dresden; died Aug. 31, 1875, in Leipzig. German geographer.

From 1854 to 1871, Peschel edited the journal Das Ausland, which played a major role in disseminating information about geography throughout Germany. He was a professor at the University of Leipzig from 1871 to 1875. Peschel’s principal works dealt with general geography and the history of earth science, and his analysis of landforms contributed to the development of geomorphology. Peschel studied causal relations in nature by the comparative method, which he greatly enriched in his comparative use of topographical maps. However, he oversimplified the method, for example, by basing his analysis of the origin and classification of individual landforms on configuration and morphometric data alone.


Geschichte des Zeitalters der Entdeckungen. Stuttgart-Augsburg, 1858.
Geschichte der Erdkunde bis auf A. Humboldt und K. Ritter. Munich, 1865.
Neue Probleme der vergleichenden Erdkunde als Versuch einer Morphologie der Erdoberfläche. Leipzig, 1870.
In Russian translation:
Novye zadachi sravnitel’nogo zemlevedeniia kak popytka morfologii zemnoi poverkhnosti. Odessa, 1879.
Istoriia epokhi otkrytii. Moscow, 1884.
Narodovedenie. St. Petersburg, 1890.


Hellwald, F. Oscar Peschel. Augsburg, 1876.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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