Pechenga(redirected from Peschenga)
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(Petsamo from 1920 to Sept. 19, 1944), an urban-type settlement in Pechenga Raion, Murmansk Oblast, RSFSR. Situated on the Pechenga River at its influx into Pechenga Guba of the Barents Sea, Pechenga is 120 km northwest of Murmansk and 9 km from the Pechenga railroad station. Pechenga has been known since the Pechenga Monastery was founded in 1533. In 1920 it was ceded to Finland. After the Soviet-Finnish War of 1939–40, it was left part of Finland; on Sept. 19, 1944, on the basis of a peace agreement, Pechenga became part of the USSR. The environs of Pechenga have deposits of sulfidic copper and nickel ores, which are the basic raw mineral materials for the nickel and cobalt industry of the Kola Peninsula. The ice-free port of Linachamari is nearby.