Peshwa


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Peshwa

 

(also peishwa), the chief minister of the Maratha state (India) during the rule of Sivaji (17th century) and his successors. The position was hereditary from the time of Balaji Visvanath, a peshwa who became the de facto ruler of the state in the 18th century. The successors of Balaji Visvanath ruled Maharashtra and were considered the sovereigns of the confederation of Maratha principalities until the final occupation of Maratha lands by the British colonizers in 1818.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Arjun has been cast as Peshwa Sadashiv Rao Bhau with Kriti Sanon as Parvati Bai, his second wife.
The Peshwa Pavilion: The Peshwa Pavilion serves arguably the city''s finest and most elaborate breakfast, lunch and dinner buffets, showcasing the hotel's expertise in multi- cuisine delicacies.
The Battle of Koregaon, also known as the Koregaon-Bhima battle or the Bhima-Koregaon battle, was fought between the British East India Company and the Peshwa's army at Koregaon Bhima on January 1, 1818.
The event to mark 200th anniversary of the Bhima Koregaon battle in Pune district, in which forces of the East India Company defeated Peshwa's army, was marred by incidents of violence in which one person was killed.
Inamdar, the film is a fictionalised romance drama encapsulates the 20 year reign of the Maratha warrior Peshwa Bajirao I and his relationship with his second wife Mastani.
The five Navyug schools are at Sarojini Nagar, Laxmibai Nagar, Peshwa Road, Moti Bagh and Lodhi Road.
All opportunity to deal with these 'wily scoundrels', as the East India Company thought them, arose in October 1802 when a rebellion forced the Peshwa of Poona to flee his capital.
Even royal authority had, at times, to succumb to such necessity; in a collection of political maxims prepared for the twelve-year-old peshwa in 1783 we find this advice: "punish according to the offence: but if an eminent householder long in the service of the state has interceded, then pardon."(14) Intercession was an important part of any patron's responsibility to his clients, and such links might stretch a long way--as from a family of village watchmen to the important mokasadar Wagholkar.
Born about 1821, he was adopted by the last Maratha peshwa (chief minister) Baji Rao II (1827), and became Baji Rao's heir (1841); when Baji Rao died in 1851, Nana inherited his private property in the Bithur region (near Kanpur) and was granted Baji Rao's jagir (revenues of a district), but despite repeated entreaties to the British and the adoptive father's deathbed request, Nana was refused an extension of Baji Rao's life pension; disgruntled by this, and perhaps aware of British difficulties in the Crimean War, he hastened to Cawnpore at the outbreak of the mutiny and tossed in his lot with rebellious sepoys (June 5, 1857); he apparently led troops at the siege of Cawnpore, and although Nana may not have exercised effective command when the safe-conduct truce was broken and Gen.
The issue relates to the celebration of the role of Mahars (Dalits) in the British victory over the army of Peshwa on January 1, 1818, at a memorial built at the site of the battle in Bhima-Koregaon, some 30 km from Pune.