Petén

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Petén

(pātān`), region, c.15,000 sq mi (38,850 sq km), N Guatemala. A humid expanse of dense, tropical hardwood forests interrupted by savannas and crisscrossed by ranges of hills, it is related geographically to SE Mexico and Belize rather than to the rest of Guatemala. The Usumacinta River system drains most of the region. Rainfall is very heavy. There are large, permanent lakes, notably Lake Petén Itzá. The region is relatively inaccessible and has been only partly developed. It produces lumber, chicle, and some rubber and cacao. The sparse population is mostly Native American. Flores is the chief town.

Once Petén was a center of the Old Empire of the MayaMaya
, indigenous people of S Mexico and Central America, occupying an area comprising the Yucatán peninsula and much of the present state of Chiapas in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, parts of El Salvador, and extreme western Honduras.
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 and had a dense agricultural population. It is noted chiefly today as the scene of large-scale excavations of great archaeological ruins, notably TikalTikal
, ruined city of the Classic Period of the Maya, N central Petén, Guatemala. The largest and possibly the oldest of the Maya cities, Tikal consists of nine groups of courts and plazas built on hilly land above surrounding swamps (which may have been lakes in former
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 and Uaxactún. Although the Spanish nominally conquered the area and Cortés passed through it on his march to Honduras (1524–25), efforts at subjugation were sporadic until the Itzá tribe was driven out (1697) from their stronghold at Lake Petén Itzá.

References in periodicals archive ?
For one, there are established drug trafficking families in Peten who haven't ceded control of the lucrative transshipment market to the Zetas.
we began to receive calls asking whether we could confirm an alleged shooting in Peten between rival drug traffickers in which Mr.
It is a cloudy afternoon on the shores of Lake Peten Itza; a light rain has been falling intermittently throughout the day.
Between the remote towns of the far northern Peten, to the east of Laguna del Tigre, vast expanses, hundreds of square kilometers, of land can be seen to have been shaved and seeded for this use.
Says Azturias, "The oil business has created very few jobs in the Peten.
Vice Minister of Communications, Infrastructure, and Housing Julio Galicia said that, despite his agency's plans to go ahead with the construction, the population of the Peten was also against it, even though it would have given them a quicker route to Mexico.
Data link installed from the departmental center of san benito, peten to the criminal court of first instance of la libertad, peten
And we believe this is because of the negotiation process," said Juan Francisco Oliva, mayor of Poptun, a municipality in the Peten department, which shares the border with Belize.
These projects are in the Peten Basin, a prolific producing basin and the source of all of Mexico's extensive petroleum resources.
Contract awarded for u-14-2015, purchase of materials for expansion project water system, caserE[degrees]o lemon, flores, peten.
Rodolfo Rivera, an allspice producer, notes that "The National Council of Protected Areas (CONAP) raised the tax because before the trees were only produced in Peten and were considered an endangered species, but they are now grown elsewhere and already out of danger.
announced today that it has agreed to acquire a 30 percent interest in Contract 1-91 located in the Central Peten, Guatemala.