Peter Canisius

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Canisius, Peter


(Pieter de Hondt). Born May 8, 1521, in Nijmegen, Holland; died Dec. 21, 1597, in Freiburg, Switzerland. Catholic theologian with whose name is linked the beginning of the Jesuit order in Germany and the implementation of the Counter-Reformation.

Canisius entered the Jesuit order in 1543 in Mainz. In 1549 he settled down at the University of Ingolstadt; in 1552 he was in Vienna. In 1556 he was placed at the head of the Jesuit order in the German Province. He founded many Jesuit colleges and compiled three catechisms—the Summa Doctrinae Christianae (1555), a short catechism (1556), and Catechismus Minor seuparvus Catechismus Catholicorum (1558).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
de Acosta and Antonio Ruiz de Montoya, wholesome milk and stro meat: Peter Canisius' catechisms and the conversion of Protestant Britain, Ant nio Fernandes and his book on the Virgin Mary: a contribution to the Jesuit-Ethiopian debate over asceticism and matrimony, the cultural translation of Catholic marriage in the Jesuit mission to Japan, and from catechisms to prayer book in the early Jesuit China mission: tracing the images the Chinese "should and should not venerate" in the 16th and 17th centuries.
Among their topics are Beatus Rhenanus' second Vita Erasmi (1540) as a blueprint for the reception of Erasmus, universalism and tolerance in Zurich follower of Erasmus Theodor Bibliander, religious toleration and the reception of Erasmus in restored England, Peter Canisius' ambivalent assessment of Erasmus, good government in Erasmus' Institutio Principil Christiani versus Lipsius' Politica, and an atheistic adaptation of Erasmus' The Praise of Folly by Jan van der Wyck (1798).
Abstract: This paper's aim is to establish the importance of St Peter Canisius's Surnrna christianae --and St John of Avila's Doctrina, one of its main sources--in the making of catholic catechisms during the period between the Council of Trento and the II Vatican Council.
Yet grief, promised Peter Canisius, would finally turn into joy, as preachers never failed to console their listeners by impressing on them Jesus' deepest love for them.
One year earlier, Peter Canisius, one of the most energetic members of the early Society of Jesus, published his first catechism, the Summa doctrinae christianae, and his career and reputation as a leading Catholic catechist in the early modern period was born.
Here he made his first contact with the Society and with the young Peter Canisius; he would remain close to the Jesuits for the rest of his life.
Peter Canisius mission station, which covers Lor Senowo, initiated the program.
Following a highly publicized exorcism conducted on a retainer of the Fugger family by the Jesuit theologian Peter Canisius at the Bavarian Marian shrine of Altotting, Marian devotion assumed a greatly heightened importance at the Wittelsbach court, particularly during the reign of Duke Wilhelm V and his wife, Renee of Lorraine.
From the perspective of a Reformation historian, the glances that Collins casts at the post-1520 hagiographical world are tantalizing--a full and equally nuanced account of the hagiographical works of Peter Canisius, Laurentius Surius, and others would be most welcome.
Lederer surveys the history of early modern exorcism, from a period of real mania (1560-80) to official routinization by 1614 (largely the work of Peter Canisius) and its decline in the late seventeenth century.
Peter Canisius, Emond Auger, and other well-known personalities feature prominently.
Saint Peter Canisius (1521-1597), Dutch Jesuit, catechist, important figure in Counter-Reformation in Germany [1925].