Fabergé, Peter Carl

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Fabergé, Peter Carl

(fäbĕrzhā`), 1846–1920, Russian goldsmith and jeweler, b. St. Petersburg. Sometimes described as a latter-day CelliniCellini, Benvenuto
, 1500–1571, Italian sculptor, metalsmith, and author. His remarkable autobiography (written 1558–62), which reads like a picaresque novel, is one of the most important documents of the 16th cent.
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, he was descended from Huguenots and inherited (1870) his father Gustave's jewelry firm in his native city. The business flourished under the younger Fabergé's direction, expanding to include the creation of precious objects in gold, silver, vermeil, enamelwork, and gems. By 1906 there were branches in St. Petersburg, Moscow, Odessa, Kiev, and London, and the firm employed well over 500. Favorites of the aristocracy, Fabergé and his studio became particularly known for their opulent, intricate, and ingenious Easter eggs, which were often used as gifts by czars Alexander III and Nicholas II. The Russian Revolution meant the downfall of such lavish artistry, however gorgeously wrought; the Fabergé business was nationalized in 1917 and closed the following year. Fabergé himself fled to Lausanne, Switzerland, where he soon died.
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References in periodicals archive ?
They were the work of Peter Carl Faberge, a jeweller to Tsar Alexander III who was commissioned to make an Easter egg for his wife, the Empress Maria.
1846: Peter Carl Faberge. Russian goldsmith and jeweller to the Russian Imperial family.
Peter Carl Faberge was born in May 1846 in St Petersburg, Russia.
MASTER jeweller Peter Carl Faberge created a jewelled egg to mark the Tsar's 20th wedding anniversary.
# The world's most valuable Easter eggs were hand-made in the1880s by goldsmith Peter Carl Faberge and cost thousands of pounds.
The American Museum of Natural History paid their respects to Peter Carl Faberge with a display of his carved animals which they called "Hidden Treasures." Pseudo-morphs got a big play from two museums, the Cincinnati Museum of Natural History and the Royal Ontario Museum.
The jewels, created by Peter Carl Faberge in St Petersburg, Russia, between 1881 and 1917, have still to be recovered.
A limited edition, full lead crystal, hand-engraved crystal egg, with a portrait of Peter Carl Faberge, is also making its debut.
* A curator from the Royal Collection examines a miniature tea set measuring 1cm in height, made by Russian jeweller and goldsmith Peter Carl Faberge, which was originally owned by Queen Alexandra, part of the new Faberge exhibition at Buckingham Palace, London, opening on Saturday, July 23.
The hobby has since led her all over the world teaching and on a trip around Russia with Theo Faberge, grandson of the dynasty's founder Peter Carl Faberge.
The most famous decorated Easter eggs were those made by well-known goldsmith Peter Carl Faberge.