Peter Lombard

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Peter Lombard,

Lat. Petrus Lombardus, c.1100–c.1160, Italian theologian, often called Magister Sententiarum. He studied at Bologna, Reims, and Paris, where he is said to have been a student of Abelard. He acquired some fame as a teacher and was given high offices, serving for a time as archbishop of Paris. His Sentences, one of the most celebrated of all theological works, is a compilation of opinions of earlier theologians, often in conflict and not always reconciled. It was particularly important because its doctrine on sacraments (that a sacramentsacrament
[Lat.,=something holy], an outward sign of something sacred. In Christianity, a sacrament is commonly defined as having been instituted by Jesus and consisting of a visible sign of invisible grace. Christianity is divided as to the number and operation of sacraments.
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 is both a symbol and a means of grace and that seven fulfill the required conditions) was adopted as the official doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church at the Council of Trent (see Trent, Council ofTrent, Council of,
1545–47, 1551–52, 1562–63, 19th ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church, convoked to meet the crisis of the Protestant Reformation.
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). By the 13th cent., the Sentences had become the principal theological text in the universities, and many of the greatest scholastics wrote commentaries on it.

Lombard, Peter:

see Peter LombardPeter Lombard,
Lat. Petrus Lombardus, c.1100–c.1160, Italian theologian, often called Magister Sententiarum. He studied at Bologna, Reims, and Paris, where he is said to have been a student of Abelard.
..... Click the link for more information.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Peter Lombard, who leads the Talented Athletes Programme at New College, said: "We would like to congratulate Anna on this fantastic success.
Austin notes Aquinas's inclusion of Peter Lombard's Augustinian definition of virtue, arguing that it retained relevance to Aquinas because it embraces all four Aristotelian causes (p.
Cloth, $65.00--In On Being and Cognition: Ordinatio 1.3, John van den Bercken offers the English-speaking world the first complete translation of book 1, distinction 3 of John Duns Scotus's redacted and expanded edition of his Oxford lectures on the Sentences of Peter Lombard. Following the order of Peter Lombard's text, Scotus deals with three topics: (1) the limits and scope of human knowledge, (2) the structure and function of the intellective soul, and (3) whether there is a vestige of the Trinity in every creature, and especially in the human mind.
1396) commentary on Peter Lombard's Sentences, collating four manuscripts and an early printed edition to create a critical edition.
Successive chapters treat Augustine, Boethius, Abelard, Gilbert of Poitiers, Peter Lombard, Bonaventure, Albert, Thomas Aquinas, Scotus, and Ockham, but only after reminding us of the need for precision in the use of prepositions (and the rules of operahon for logical sequencing that these undergird) as well as the formal definitions implied by the interplay of such terms as "universals," "accidents," "substances," and "individuals." Thom's own analytic framework provides a helpful point of comparison throughout.
By the end of the century the "consentist" position had won the debate, largely because its architect, the prominent Parisian theologian Peter Lombard, had written a textbook that became the theology text for the next 400 years.
The articles focus first on the intellectual traditions of the twelfth century, many touching on Colish's magisterial work on Peter Lombard. Others look at the ramifications of intellectual interpretations of concepts on the political and social ideas upon which medieval culture was based.
Oddly, many Gibraltarians are not actually British at all by heritage - our tour guide, who drove us up the rock and down again, is called Peter Lombard.
Tony Taylor, Jo McConnell, Paul Farrow Left, Jayshree Patel, Irwin Mitchell; guest speaker Ian O'Donnell, Real Point; Philippa Lloyd-Harris, Willmott Dixon, vice-chair Birmingham Business Breakfast Club; Anthony Taylor, chairman Birmingham Business Breakfast Club Geoff Barlow, Phil Elms, Rob Legge, Neil Calcut Ruth McGranaghen, Malvern Parker, Peter Lombard, Lyn Whitehead Rob Muir, Heather Forrester, Colin Barrett
In the Summa de matrimonio, he analyzed the two competing marriage-formation theories: the consummation model of Gratian and Rufinus and the consensual model of Peter Lombard, criticizing both on several grounds.
After a brief introduction relating Pasquier's Pourparler du Prince to the medieval disputatio, Perigot's part 1 tackles the latter's definition, difference from lectio, origins, essential link to dialectic, and use by a number of medieval writers including Anselm, Abelard, Peter Lombard, Albertus Magnus, Saint Thomas (who rates a chapter to himself), and the Terminists.