Peter Ochs

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ochs, Peter


Born Aug. 20, 1752, in Nantes, France; died June 19, 1821, in Basel. Swiss politician.

Under the influence of the Great French Revolution, Ochs advocated a bourgeois democratic transformation in Switzerland and the formation of a unified state. He participated in the negotiations for the Basel peace treaties of 1795. Representing Basel in Paris in 1797–98, he drew up the text of a constitution for the Helvetian Republic. Ochs served as first president of the Senate and member of the Directory of the Helvetian Republic in 1798–99. As a result of Swiss discontent with French policy, which Ochs supported, he was forced to resign. After his departure from national politics, he served as a member of the Basel cantonal council from 1803 to 1814.

Ochs was the author of a work on the history of Basel.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Jewish scholar Peter Ochs captures the inextricable relationship in Judaism between God and corporeal life: "Any God who won't tell you what to do with your pots and pans and genitals isn't worth worshiping." (5) In other words, there is no spiritual essence to Judaism that is separate from the bodily rituals of faith--no spiritual kernel hidden inside the husk of religious practices.
Although the evangelical perspective on Jewish-Christian relations is welcome, a deeper engagement with scholars from this Christian tradition, such as Kendall Soulen, or with Peter Ochs's assessment of Christian postliberal theologians, would have provided a more sustained theological discussion.
In part 3 Yang uses the interfaith practice of "scriptural reasoning"--as promoted by scholars such as Peter Ochs, David F.
Peter Ochs, Another Reformation: Postliberal Christianity and the Jews.
Peter Ochs observes that Signer's plain-sense (p'shat) exegesis in medieval Jewish and Christian texts suggests an acumen for strong historical-textual studies, which, in turn pays dividends in contemporary Jews and Christians' repairing their faith in self and in visions of the other.
The purpose is "not to come to an agreement about the 'true meaning' of the passages" but to "strive to learn more about the ways we understand our own traditions and the way others understand us," writes Peter Ochs, President of the Society for Scriptural Reasoning and a philosophy professor at the University of Virginia.
Peter Ochs and Michael Cartwright have collected and published Yoder's most important explorations of the "unnecessary" Jewish-Christian splits and schisms (The Jewish-Christian Schism Revisited, Eerdmans, 2003).
Edited by Tikva Frymer-Kensky, David Novak, Peter Ochs, David Sandmel and Michael Signer
Peter Ochs. Pierce Pragmatism: And the Logic of Scripture.
(On the term, see Peter Ochs, ed., The Return to Scripture in Judaism and Christianity: Essays in Postcritical Scriptural Interpretation [N.Y.: Paulist Press, 1993], 3.) Levenson is a staunch advocate of a postcritical approach, which is characterized by a skepticism towards historical criticism (as it has been practiced) and a concomitant upward revaluation of traditional approaches to Scripture.
Peter Ochs, the well-known cofounder of the Society for Scriptural Reasoning, points out that there are many different types of answers that can be given to the question, Do we worship the same God?, and that it is our practicing together as Jews, Christians, and Muslims that creates a common ground (as well as a space to discuss our enduring differences) rather than a priori theological inquiry.
Prior to this, the question of Yoder's reading of the Old Testament had been raised in various articles, most notably in the writing of Peter Ochs and Alain Epp Weaver.