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Peterborough,city (1991 pop. 68,371), SE Ont., Canada, NE of Toronto. It is at the falls of the Otonabee River, which connects, through the Trent Canal, with lakes Ontario and Huron. Settled early in the 19th cent. as a lumber town, it became a railroad and industrial center; manufacturing, however, has declined in importance since the late 20th cent. Peterborough is also a resort for the Kawartha Lakes region. The lift-locks on the Trent-Severn waterway are the world's highest. Trent Univ. and a canoe museum are there. Archaeologically valuable Native American sites are nearby.
Peterborough,city and unitary authority (1991 pop. 155,050), E central England, on the Nene River. Designated as a new townnew towns,
planned urban communities in Great Britain, developed by long-term loans from the central government and first authorized by the New Towns Act of 1946. The chief purpose of the act was to reduce congestion in the great cities (or at least prevent its increase) through
..... Click the link for more information. in 1968, Peterborough is an engineering and rail hub and a farm trade center. Products include diesel engines, farm machinery, and processed foods. The suburb of Fletton is noted for brickmaking. Peterborough was originally known as Medeshamstede. The Benedictine abbey was founded c.655. In 870 it was destroyed by the Danes, in the 10th cent. it was restored, in the 11th plundered, and in 1116 burned. The Peterborough Chronicle, one of the versions of the Anglo-Saxon ChronicleAnglo-Saxon Chronicle,
collective name given several English monastic chronicles in Anglo-Saxon, all stemming from a compilation made from old annals and other sources c.891.
..... Click the link for more information. , was composed there. The impressive cathedral, formerly the abbey church, has three large arches in the west front. It was damaged by Oliver CromwellCromwell, Oliver
, 1599–1658, lord protector of England. Parliamentary General
The son of a gentry family, he entered Cambridge in 1616 but probably left the next year.
..... Click the link for more information. 's men in 1643. Noteworthy are the bishop's palace and the remains of the ancient abbey buildings and gates. Queen Katharine of AragónKatharine of Aragón,
1485–1536, first queen consort of Henry VIII of England; daughter of Ferdinand II of Aragón and Isabella of Castile. In 1501 she was married to Arthur, eldest son of Henry VII.
..... Click the link for more information. is buried there.
a city in Great Britain, on the Nene River, in the county of Cambridgeshire. Population, 70,200 (1971). A transportation junction, Peterborough produces diesel engines, lifting and transport equipment, agricultural machinery, and electrotechnical products. Among food-processing enterprises there are sugar refineries.
a city in Ontario, Canada, located on the Otonabee River, which is linked by a system of rivers, lakes, and canals with Lakes Ontario and Huron. Population, 57,500 (1971). A railroad junction, Peterborough produces electrical equipment and machines used in transport. It also has food-processing and textile industries. The university of Trent is located here.