Petition of Right


Also found in: Dictionary, Legal, Wikipedia.
Related to Petition of Right: Bill of Rights

Petition of Right,

1628, a statement of civil liberties sent by the English Parliament to Charles ICharles I,
1600–1649, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1625–49), second son of James I and Anne of Denmark. Early Life

He became heir to the throne on the death of his older brother Henry in 1612 and was made prince of Wales in 1616.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Refusal by Parliament to finance the king's unpopular foreign policy had caused his government to exact forced loans and to quarter troops in subjects' houses as an economy measure. Arbitrary arrest and imprisonment for opposing these policies had produced in Parliament a violent hostility to Charles and George Villiers, 1st duke of Buckingham. The Petition of Right, initiated by Sir Edward CokeCoke, Sir Edward
, 1552–1634, English jurist, one of the most eminent in the history of English law. He entered Parliament in 1589 and rose rapidly, becoming solicitor general and speaker of the House of Commons. In 1593 he was made attorney general.
..... Click the link for more information.
, was based upon earlier statutes and charters and asserted four principles: no taxes may be levied without consent of Parliament; no subject may be imprisoned without cause shown (reaffirmation of the right of habeas corpus); no soldiers may be quartered upon the citizenry; martial law may not be used in time of peace. In return for his acceptance (June, 1628), Charles was granted subsidies. Although the petition was of importance as a safeguard of civil liberties, its spirit was soon violated by Charles, who continued to collect tonnage and poundage duties without Parliament's authorization and to prosecute citizens in an arbitrary manner.

Right, Petition of:

see Petition of RightPetition of Right,
1628, a statement of civil liberties sent by the English Parliament to Charles I. Refusal by Parliament to finance the king's unpopular foreign policy had caused his government to exact forced loans and to quarter troops in subjects' houses as an economy
..... Click the link for more information.
.
References in periodicals archive ?
This role of due process in precluding administrative adjudication remained familiar because of the Petition of Right.
Their demands were written out in the form of a petition of right, which was then proclaimed in 1200 as the Charter of Liberties.
The petition of right asked the Crown to submit itself to the laws that applied to private persons.
One is the foundation of our law, wherein the judges are supposed to judge "with mercy and justice"; the Petition of Right gave us a ruling on not having people in our land we did not want; and the Bill of Rights of 1688 listed our freedoms, the right to defend ourselves, not to be fined without trial and so on.
Charles II was not foolish enough to question the Magna Carta or the Petition of Right, but he proceeded to undermine the local charters that had undone his father.
The second chapter, which deals with Selden's parliamentary career, gives us an opportunity to see how Selden actually applied his constitutional views to the hotly contested issues of the 1620s, especially the impeachment of the duke of Buckingham, the Five Knights' case, and the Petition of Right.
Her analysis of the lives of Aesop is a dazzling piece of lateral thinking; and her recovery of Sir Henry Marten's application in the Parliament of 1628 of the story of The Lion, the Cow, the Goat and the Sheep to the crisis over the Forced Loans which culminated in the Petition of Right is of great importance to historians.
There was, for example, the creation of an opposition party led by Lord Saye and others which challenged the crown and helped pass the petition of right without modification.
Even Britain's traditional bills of rights--the Magna Carta, Petition of Right, and Declaration of Right--were useless in their new plan.
The fact is that as a charter of English freedoms the 1689 Bill never had much bite, though it joined the Magna Carta and the Petition of Right in the Whig litany.
He was arrested ostensibly for his role in the Parliament of 1629, though it must be remembered that the previous year he had played a leading role in drawing up the Petition of Right so vexing to King Charles because of its attack on royal prerogative.
In the opening speech of his trial in April 1964, Nelson Mandela stated his admiration for the parliamentary systems of western governments and for some of the landmark documents in the fight for British rights: 'The Magna Carta, the Petition of Rights, and the Bill of Rights are documents which are held in veneration by democrats throughout the world.