Petr Petrovich Kniagininskii

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kniagininskii, Petr Petrovich


(according to some sources, Petr Pavlovich). Born circa 1839; died in the late 1870’s. Russian inventor.

Kniagininskii built the first automatic composing machine in 1866–67, for which he received the privilege in Russia in 1869 and patents in a number of other countries. His automatic control principle (using punched tape) was the basis for subsequent designs for composing machines.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.