Shitt, Petr Genrikhovich
Born Aug. 1 (13), 1875, in Ki-trysh, Bel’tsy District, Bessarabia Province; died Jan. 31,1950, in Moscow. Soviet specialist in fruit growing. Honored scientist of the RSFSR (1946). Member of the CPSU from 1947.
Shitt graduated from Novorossiia University in Odessa in 1908. In 1920 he became head of the department of fruit growing at the K. A. Timiriazev Moscow Agricultural Academy. He investigated the growth and developmental patterns of fruit plants and studied different varieties. He established the cyclical alternation of the skeletal and overgrowing parts in the crown, the tiered quality of branch arrangement, and the morphological parallelism between fruit and berry plants. Shitt received the State Prize of the USSR in 1950.
WORKSVvedenie v agrotekhniku plodovodstva. Moscow, 1936.
Plodovodstvo. Moscow, 1940. (With Z. A. Metlitskii.)
Biologicheskie osnovy agrotekhniki plodovodstva. Moscow, 1952.
Izbrannye sochineniia. Moscow, 1968.