Shukhmin, Petr Mitrofanovich
Born Jan. 13 (25), 1894, in Voronezh; died May 2,1955, in Moscow. Soviet artist.
Shukhmin studied in V. N. Meshkov’s studio in Moscow in 1912 and at the Moscow Academy of Arts from 1912 to 1916 under I. I. Tvorozhnikov, A. V. Makovskii, and D. N. Kardovskii. He was a founding member of the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia. He taught at the Academy of Arts from 1934 to 1936 and at the Institute of Applied and Decorative Art in Moscow from 1948 to 1952.
Shukhmin’s best paintings were The Conductor (1923), An Order to Advance (1925), both of which are housed at the Central Museum of the Armed Forces of the USSR, Landing From the Aurora (1931, Museum of the Revolution of the USSR, Moscow), and The Unsubdued (1948, Russian Museum, Leningrad). The paintings treated the historical-revolutionary theme with true-to-life realism and were characterized by expressive composition and austere colors. Shukhmin also produced portraits and masterful drawings, which were published in the journals Krasnyi perets and Krasnaia Niva and included in the series Okna Tass (1941–45; State Prize of the USSR, 1942).