Shumilov, Petr Pavlovich
Born 1901 in Bobrinets, in what is now Kirovograd Oblast; died Aug. 17,1942, in Moscow. Soviet specialist in hydromechanics and a founder of the theory of turbodrilling. Member of the CPSU from 1940.
Upon graduating from Moscow State University in 1929, Shumilov joined the staff of the State Research Institute of Petroleum, where he remained until 1934. He organized and directed an experimental turbodrilling office in Baku between 1934 and 1939 and was a member of the People’s Commissariat of the Petroleum Industry from 1939 to 1942.
Between 1934 and 1936, Shumilov developed a theory for the use of small multistage, axial-flow turbines in turbodrills. He and R. A. Ioannesian, E. I. Tagiev, and M. T. Gusman invented a multistage turbodrill that operated without the use of reduction gears and a technique for turbodrilling vertical and inclined wells. In 1941, Shumilov began work on the development of a rocket-firing antitank weapon; he died during testing.
Shumilov received the State Prize of the USSR once in 1942 and twice in 1947; he was also awarded the Order of Lenin.
WORKSGidravlika, 2nd. ed. Moscow-Leningrad-Novosibirsk, 1934. (Coauthor.)
Prakticheskii kurs po teorii teploperedachi, 2nd ed. Moscow-Leningrad, 1935. (With V. S. Iablonskii.)
Teoreticheskie osnovy turbinnogo bureniia. Moscow-Leningrad, 1943.
“Turbinnoe burenie neftianykh skvazhin.” Izbrannye trudy. Moscow, 1968.