Petr Shuvalov

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shuvalov, Petr Andreevich

 

Born June 15 (27), 1827, in St. Petersburg; died there Mar. 10 (22), 1889. Russian statesman and diplomat. Adjutant general; general of the cavalry. Member of the Council of State (1874). Count.

After graduating from the Corps of Pages, Shuvalov served in the guards cavalry. He became an adjutant to the minister of war in 1854 and fought in the defense of Sevastopol’. In 1857 he was appointed chief of police in St. Petersburg. Shuvalov was named director of a general affairs department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in 1860 and chief of staff of the Corps of Gendarmes and director of the chancery of the Third Section in 1861.

In 1864, Shuvalov became governor-general of Livonia, Estonia, and Courland. He was made chief of the gendarmerie and head of the Third Section in 1866. His almost dictatorial power earned him the nickname “Peter IV.” Shuvalov was Emperor Alexander IPs closest adviser.

Shuvalov was a member of reactionary circles that advocated serfdom and was an opponent of bourgeois reforms. He served as ambassador in London from 1874 to 1879. On May 30, 1878, he and British foreign secretary Lord Salisbury signed the secret Anglo-Russian agreement that anticipated the principal determinations of the Berlin Congress of 1878.

REFERENCE

Koni, A. F. “Petr IV.” Sobr. soch., vol. 5. Moscow, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.