Petrels


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to Petrels: Procellariiformes, giant petrels

Petrels

 

two genera of birds of the order Procellariiformes— fork-tailed petrels (Oceanodroma) and storm petrels (Hydro-bates ). They are small birds (the body measures up to 20 cm). The bill is small and hooked downward. The legs are short and tetradactylous; the anterior toes are webbed.

Petrels are birds of the open sea. They feed on small invertebrates, which they catch on the wing from the surface of the water. They nest in burrows along the shores and are active near their nests at night. Fork-tailed petrels (Oceanodrama) are found in the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific oceans; there are 11 species. In the USSR they are found in the Far East from the Komandorskie Islands to Vladivostok; there are three species. The storm petrels (Hydrobates ) constitute a single species. They are found in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. They may occasionally fly to the USSR.

REFERENCE

Ptitsy Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 2. Edited by G. P. Dement’ev and N. A.Gladkov. Moscow, 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although Herald petrels were observed during winter field surveys over the last three years, no active nests with eggs were found until this years discovery.
Storm petrels spend the winter months off the coast of South West Africa and begin their long journey back to their UK breeding grounds in spring.
The majority of Skokholm's storm petrels nest in fragile rock crevices inaccessible to researchers.
Rare birds; the extraordinary tale of the Bermuda petrel and the man who brought it back from extinction.
145); seabirds (principally mottled petrels, Pterodroma inexpectata) bred elsewhere on Banks Peninsula well into the 20th Century (Stead 1927).
A group of scientists, including researchers from Lund University, have now shown that the nose of the blue petrel is even capable of smelling which mate will produce young with the best immune systems.
The wind has certainly stirred things up in the Atlantic - places such as Cornwall are already seeing early records of birds such as Wilson's Petrel and Great Shearwaters.
Participants were not disappointed as Swinhoe's Storm Petrels were located on a further four occasions: on 19th August (2 birds), 26th August (5 birds), 2nd September (3 birds) and 9th September (1 bird).
The Petrels played their home games in Atlanta at Spiller Field (later called Ponce de Leon Ball Park) or grant Field at Georgia Tech.
Now a rare sight, Hawaiian petrels are restricted to high-elevation regions on several of the main islands.
Most breeding birds were found in an area near to the guard house in the east of the island, one dry stone wall in this area contained 82 nests, and here some storm petrels were heard with out using tape recorder.
Israeli expert Hadoram Shirihai photographed more than 30 Beck's petrels off Papua New Guinea.