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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(parsley), a genus of plants of the family Umbelliferae. The plants are annual or biennial herbs. Of the three known species, only parsley (P. sativum, or P. erisum) is cultivated. A biennial cross-pollinating plant, parsley forms a rosette of leaves and a root in the first year and a flower stalk (75-150 cm tall) and seeds in the second. The ternately pinnatifid leaves are either smooth or curly, and the flowers are yellowish green and very small. The fruit has two small seeds, which have a characteristic odor.

Parsley, which is native to Mediterranean countries, is cultivated in most countries of the world. There are two varieties; var. tuberosum is grown for its thick taproot, and var. latifolium is raised for its small root and branching leaves. In the USSR, the first variety is most often cultivated. Parsley is resistant to cold temperatures, with its seeds sprouting at a temperature of 2°-3°C. When there is a good snow cover, the roots winter in the ground. Parsley may be sown in autumn, early spring, and summer under various climatic conditions. The plant is not drought resistant. The seeding rate is 4 to 6 kg per hectare. The seed is sown 2 to 2.5 cm deep; maintenance includes loosening the soil, thinning, and weeding.

Parsley is valued for its fragrance, which results from a high content of essential oils. A powder made from the seeds or an infusion of the leaves and stems is used as a diuretic or carminative. The leaves and roots are used fresh or in dried form as a food seasoning; they are also used in the canning industry.


Spravochnik po ovoshchevodstvu. Edited by V. A. Bryzgalov. Moscow, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In this study, 4 different plant materials, the leaves of Camellia sinensis, Mentha piperita and Petroselinum crispum in addition to the Pimpinella anisum seeds were collected and extracted with either hot water or methanol.
Malik, "Critique of medicinal conspicuousness of Parsley(Petroselinum crispum): a culinary herb of Mediterranean region," Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol.
Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) is an aromatic herb that has been used to give flavour and odour to dishes and salads for centuries (14-17).
Mosavi, "Effect of anatase nanoparticles (Ti[O.sub.2]) on parsley seed germination (Petroselinum crispum) in vitro," Biological Trace Element Research, vol.
Karimi, "Immunomodulatory effect of Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) essential oil on immune cells: mitogen-activated splenocytes and peritoneal macrophages," Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology, vol.
graminifolius aerial part is more than many herbs including Petroselinum sativum (0.144 mg*[g.sup.-1]), Glycyrrhiza glabra (0.153 mg*[g.sup.-1]), Epilobium hirsutum (0.231 mg-g- ), Salvia officinalis (0.074 mg*[g.sup.-1]), Ginkgo biloba (0.398 mg*[g.sup.-1]), Origanum majoricum (0.104 mg*[g.sup.-1]), Poliomintha longiflora (0.081 mg*[g.sup.-1]), Thymus vulgaris (0.117 mg*[g.sup.-1]), Rosmarinus officinalis (0.029 mg*[g.sup.-1]), and Polygonum aviculare (0.215 mg*[g.sup.-1]).
The most important medicinal and spice crops cultivated in Germany are essential oil producing plants like chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.), lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.), peppermint (Mentha x piperita L.), common oregano (Origanum vulgare L.), and garden parsley (Petroselinum crispum L.) characterized by different active compounds and therapeutic uses (Table 1).
Another study conducted with extracts of cinnamon, cloves (Syzygium aromatieum), fennel (Focnieulum vulgare), ginger, lavender (Lavandula angustifolia), parsley (Petroselinum crispum), rose (Rosa canina), rosemary, sage (Salvia officinalis) and thyme measured the antioxidant activity before and after cooking.
Struvite (magnesium ammonium phosphate hexahydrate, MgNH4PO4.6H2O, MAP) recovered from up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) pretreated poultry manure wastewater (MgCl2.6H2O + KH2PO4, Mg2+:NH4+-N:PO43- -P = 1:1:1, pH = 9.0) was tested as a slow release fertilizer on the growth of four medicinal plants including garden rocket ( Eruca sativa), dill (Anethum graveolens), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) and parsley (Petroselinum crispum) in a series of lab-scale greenhouse experiment.
On Wednesday's programme, it was so funny because I literally became obsessed with getting Alan to say parsley (which was in the burgers I was cooking) in gardening language, which is Petroselinum crispum, just so my sis could have a good swooooon.