Petrus Jacobus Joubert

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Joubert, Petrus Jacobus


Born Jan. 20, 1834, in Oudtshoorn, Cape Province; died Mar. 28, 1900, in Pretoria. Political and military leader of the Republic of Transvaal.

Joubert became commander in chief of the Boer Army in 1880. During the Anglo-Boer War of 1880–81 he won a victory at Majuba; in January 1896 he defeated the British detachment of L. Jameson that had invaded the Transvaal. Joubert opposed President P. Kruger and advocated concessions to Great Britain. Elected vice-president in 1898, Joubert successfully led combat operations at the beginning of the Anglo-Boer War of 189–1902, but a severe illness compelled him to turn over the command to General L. Botha.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.