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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the main character of folk puppet shows in Russia. Petrushka, an overhead puppet, was indispensable in the shows of the skomorokhi (wandering folk actors). He was first described by Ö. Olearius in the 17th century. Shows of Petrushka appeared in 18th-century lubki (illustrated broadsides). Puppet presentations with Petrushka became increasingly popular at fairs, markets, and yards of residential buildings. The puppeteer spoke for Petrushka, using a pishchik (pipe for luring birds), which gave the voice a metallic shrill that could be heard far away. Petrushka has a large hooked nose, smiling mouth, and, often, a humped back. He is dressed in a red shirt and tasseled cap (or in fool’s attire). N. A. Nekrasov and M. Gorky wrote on the ideological and political significance of Petrushka shows.

During the first years of the Soviet puppet theater, Petrushka was the principal character in new plays, having undergone important changes in character and dress. Performances with Petrushka are now extremely rare. However, numerous types of puppets each having the general name of Petrushka are widely used in the Soviet puppet theater.


Simonovich-Efimova, N. Ia. Zapiski Petrushechnika. Moscow-Leningrad, 1925.
Smirnova, N. I. Sovetskii teatr kukol 1918-1932. Moscow, 1963.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
'Petrushka, go and open the gate!' he added, turning to the lad in the red shirt.
Vasili Andreevich went into the room with the old man, and Nikita drove through the gate opened for him by Petrushka, by whose advice he backed the horse under the penthouse.
Petrushka could read and write and knew Paulson's primer, his only book, almost by heart, and he was fond of quoting sayings from it that he thought suited the occasion, especially when he had had something to drink, as to-day.
'You must be chilled through and through,' said Petrushka.
Petrushka!" he called to his valet: "Come here, take these away.
Carmen Suite / Petrushka will be screened on Sunday, giving the chance to the local theatre-loving public to admire passionate and free-spirited Carmen as she finds herself caught in a love triangle.
Egyptian Marionette -- Egypt Today CAIRO -- 15 August 2018: Members of the puppet show "Puppets Got Talent" produced by Kayan Marionette Independent Theatre flew to Russia on Tuesday to participate in the International Puppet Festival held in Petrushka on Aug.
ey rode the waves of Stravinsky's thrilling and relentless music for Petrushka, just as they did for Lutoslawski's celebratory Concerto for Orchestra.
Directed by choreographer and Sadler's Wells Associate Artist Michael Keegan-Dolan, this exciting interpretation of Stravinsky's most famous pieces: The Rite of Spring and Petrushka, will be at Sherman Theatre from April 8-9.
Set to Stravinsky's The Fairy's Kiss (Le Baiser de la Fee) and Petrushka, A Dancer's Dream, which was filmed at Avery Fisher Hall at Lincoln Center last June, features choreography by Karole Armitage.
This year the Theater is planning to produce Carmen, Giselle, Nutcracker, Petrushka, The Rite of Spring.
THE title of the concert might have been Petrushka, but this week has been all about Petrenko at the Philharmonic Hall, with the conductor plighting his troth to Liverpool for the foreseeable future.