Pechenga

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Pechenga

Pechenga (pyĕˈchĭn-gə), Finnish Petsamo, town, NW European Russia, an ice-free port at the head of Pechenga Fjord on the Barents Sea and near the Norwegian border. It is also the northern terminus of an Arctic highway. Pechenga serves as the base for a fishing (notably herring) fleet. Located in an important nickel- and copper-mining region, the town has an ore refinery. Pechenga was known in the 16th cent. as a Muscovite foreign trading port. Ceded by Russia to Finland in 1920, it was a supply base in the German-Finnish drive on Murmansk during World War II. The town was seized by Soviet forces and transferred to the USSR in the Russo-Finnish armistice of 1944.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pechenga

 

(Petsamo from 1920 to Sept. 19, 1944), an urban-type settlement in Pechenga Raion, Murmansk Oblast, RSFSR. Situated on the Pechenga River at its influx into Pechenga Guba of the Barents Sea, Pechenga is 120 km northwest of Murmansk and 9 km from the Pechenga railroad station. Pechenga has been known since the Pechenga Monastery was founded in 1533. In 1920 it was ceded to Finland. After the Soviet-Finnish War of 1939–40, it was left part of Finland; on Sept. 19, 1944, on the basis of a peace agreement, Pechenga became part of the USSR. The environs of Pechenga have deposits of sulfidic copper and nickel ores, which are the basic raw mineral materials for the nickel and cobalt industry of the Kola Peninsula. The ice-free port of Linachamari is nearby.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Important reindeer-herding areas in eastern and northeastern Finland, including Petsamo and parts of Kuusamo and Salla, were lost to the Soviet Union during the Winter War (1939-40) and Continuation War (1941-44) (Fig.
Patrol consisting of reindeer and soldiers wearing snow camouflage clothing in Janiskoski, Petsamo, northeastern Finland during the Winter War in 1940.
Supplies of nickel ore from Greece and especially Petsamo were of critical importance.
The first supplementary ore source was the development of the Kaula Kotselvaara mine (near Nikel) in Finland's Petsamo (Pechenga) district, discovered in the 1930s by Finnish government geologists.
In a similar case, the exploitation rights to the nickel ore deposits near Petsamo were handed over to the Mond Nickel Company, Ltd., London, despite vigorous German attempts to gain control of it.
Because of fog at Banak upon the flyers' return, I./KG 30 was diverted to Petsamo, while II./KG 30 reached Banak.
1674] 1983:11) came quite close to reality when describing them as eating "solely fish." There are interesting parallels to this among eastern Sami groups such as the Skolts of Petsamo (Nickul, 1977:3) and the Sami of Inari (Fellman, 1906a:341), who have depended mainly on lake fishing.
We even suspect that the resource use of this group can be better understood by making comparisons with the fisher Sami of Inari and Petsamo than by drawing conclusions from their mountain Sami neighbours.
At Petsamo, Karelians are also known to have dyed their fishing nets lepallal 'with alder'.
She is of the second generation of Skolt Sami people who were relocated to the Finnish side of the border with the then Soviet Union at the end of the Second World War, following the Soviet annexation of the region of Petsamo, which had afforded Finland's only direct access to the ice-free Barents Sea.