Important reindeer-herding areas in eastern and northeastern Finland, including Petsamo and parts of Kuusamo and Salla, were lost to the Soviet Union during the Winter War (1939-40) and Continuation War (1941-44) (Fig.
Patrol consisting of reindeer and soldiers wearing snow camouflage clothing in Janiskoski, Petsamo, northeastern Finland during the Winter War in 1940.
Supplies of nickel ore from Greece and especially Petsamo
were of critical importance.
The first supplementary ore source was the development of the Kaula Kotselvaara mine (near Nikel) in Finland's Petsamo
(Pechenga) district, discovered in the 1930s by Finnish government geologists.
In a similar case, the exploitation rights to the nickel ore deposits near Petsamo
were handed over to the Mond Nickel Company, Ltd., London, despite vigorous German attempts to gain control of it.
Because of fog at Banak upon the flyers' return, I./KG 30 was diverted to Petsamo
, while II./KG 30 reached Banak.
1674] 1983:11) came quite close to reality when describing them as eating "solely fish." There are interesting parallels to this among eastern Sami groups such as the Skolts of Petsamo (Nickul, 1977:3) and the Sami of Inari (Fellman, 1906a:341), who have depended mainly on lake fishing.
We even suspect that the resource use of this group can be better understood by making comparisons with the fisher Sami of Inari and Petsamo than by drawing conclusions from their mountain Sami neighbours.
, Karelians are also known to have dyed their fishing nets lepallal 'with alder'.
She is of the second generation of Skolt Sami people who were relocated to the Finnish side of the border with the then Soviet Union at the end of the Second World War, following the Soviet annexation of the region of Petsamo
, which had afforded Finland's only direct access to the ice-free Barents Sea.