Phaedrus

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Phaedrus

(fē`drəs), fl. 1st cent. A.D., Latin writer, a Thracian slave, possibly a freedman of Augustus. He wrote fables in verse based largely on those of AesopAesop
, legendary Greek fabulist. According to Herodotus, he was a slave who lived in Samos in the 6th cent. B.C. and eventually was freed by his master. Other accounts associate him with many wild adventures and connect him with such rulers as Solon and Croesus.
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. The prose collections of fables that were popular throughout Western Europe in the Middle Ages were probably derived from Phaedrus.

Phaedrus

 

Born circa 15 B.C. in Macedonia; died circa A.D. 70 in Rome. Latin fabulist.

Phaedrus was a slave and later a freedman of the emperor Augustus. Of his five books of Aesopian Fables in iambic verse, 134 fables have been preserved. In the later books, Phaedrus expanded the range of the traditional genre by introducing moral judgments, anecdotes, and other new material. Phaedrus was plebeian in outlook, and he devoted much attention to social motifs. His style is rather dry and the narrative is invariably subordinate to the moral.

REFERENCES

Fedri Babrii: Basni. Translated by M. L. Gasparov. Moscow, 1962.
Gasparov, M. L. Antichnaia literaturnaia basnia (Fedr i Babrii). Moscow, 1971.

Phaedrus

?15 bc--?50 ad, Roman author of five books of Latin verse fables, based chiefly on Aesop
References in classic literature ?
Avienus, also a contemporary of Ausonius, put some of these fables into Latin elegiacs, which are given by Nevelet (in a book we shall refer to hereafter), and are occasionally incorporated with the editions of Phaedrus.
It also contained the Latin versions of the same fables by Phaedrus, Avienus, and other authors.
The idealism of Plato is here presented in a less developed form than in the Phaedo and Phaedrus.
The doctrines of immortality and pre-existence are carried further in the Phaedrus and Phaedo; the distinction between opinion and knowledge is more fully developed in the Theaetetus.