phalarope

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phalarope

(făl`ərōp'), common name for members of the family Phalaropodidae, shore birds, called "little swimming sandpipers." Phalaropes, small, dainty birds with webbed toes, are the most aquatic of the shore birdshore bird,
common name for members of the large order Charadriiformes, which includes birds found on coasts and beaches throughout the world. Included in this group are the avocet, curlew, oyster catcher, phalarope, plover, sandpiper, snipe, and stilt.
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 group. They are unusual in that the female is larger and more brightly colored than the male and is the aggressor in courtship, while the male builds the cup-shaped nest on open tundra, and incubates the eggs, which number three to five per clutch. Their plumage is thick and ducklike; they float buoyantly and swim expertly, dipping their slender bills into the water for food. The Wilson's phalarope, Steganopus tricolor, is the only member of the family that nests in the United States, breeding in marshes of the Great Plains. The northern and red phalaropes, Phalaropus lobatus and P. julicarus, respectively, breed in the Arctic and winter in the S Atlantic. Phalaropes are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Charadriiformes, family Phalaropodidae.
References in periodicals archive ?
South-directed movements of Arctic terns (Sterna paradisaea), red phalaropes (Phalaropus fulicarius), and jaegers were observed especially in area G, Bering Strait (see below).
Freshwater ponds provide a stage where male and female red-necked phalaropes engage in social interactions such as attracting mates, forming pair bonds, and copulating early in the breeding season (Rubega et al., 2000).
In the habitats sampled in 2003, red-necked phalaropes were not abundant enough to analyze.
Red-necked phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus): Rednecked phalaropes occurred on 28.5% of our clusters (Table 1).
Few red-necked phalaropes were observed, but the species is likely more abundant in the study area (J.
White-rumped sandpiper (Calidris fuscicollis) and red phalarope (Phalaropus fulicarius) were the most abundant shorebirds breeding at Creswell Bay, and Lapland longspur (Calcarius lapponicus) was the most abundant breeding passerine.
Une autre categorie de migrateurs se dirigeant vers l'est comprenait des labbes, des sternes et des phalaropes a bec large voyageant vers la region du detroit de Davis et l'ocean Atlantique.
A number of flocks of grey phalaropes migrating eastwards were observed from the ship, and flocking of grey plovers was reported from the tundra.
La comparaison des densites de nidification et des populations d'oiseaux de rivage estimees avec celles enregistrees a d'autres endroits de l'Arctique a revele que l'ile du Prince-Charles accueille un nombre important d'oiseaux de rivage, surtout de becasseaux a croupion blanc et de phalaropes roux.
A league off, blue water begins to churn under the circling phalaropes. In seconds, half-a-dozen people are scrambling for their SLRs and compact cameras.
A league off, blue water begins to churn under the circling phalaropes. In seconds half-a-dozen people were scrambling for their SLRs and compact cameras.
The grey phalaropes that occasionally visit Teesside tend to arrive around this time of year and are grey and white, with a black eye stripe, as can be seen in Dave Pearce's fine picture.