Phan Boi Chau

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Phan Bội Châu
BirthplaceSa Nam, Nghệ An, Vietnam

Phan Boi Chau


Born Dec. 26, 1867, in Nam Dan District, Nghe An Province; died Oct. 29, 1940, in Hué. Vietnamese political figure, writer, and publicist; ideologist of the revolutionary-democratic wing of the national liberation movement in Vietnam in the early 20th century.

The son of a village schoolteacher, Phan Boi Chau began his literary career at an early age. His writings include caustic political pamphlets against French domination in Indochina. In the late 19th century he took part in the anti-French can vuong movement, an armed struggle conducted against French domination in order to restore the Vietnamese monarchy. He believed that individual acts of terrorism were permissible and that the segments of society with the greatest political strength were the intelligentsia and the military. In 1904 in Quang Nam Province (central Vietnam) he secretly founded the first political organization in the history of Vietnam, the Association for the Restoration of Vietnam.

Phan Boi Chau met several times with Sun Yat-sen and other representatives of the revolutionary camp of Chinese emigres in Japan. Gradually abandoning his monarchist ideals, he adopted a revolutionary-democratic position. In February 1912 he founded in China, where many Vietnamese political émigrés were living, the Association for the Rebirth of Vietnam. It replaced the Association for the Restoration of Vietnam, which had disbanded by then. Phan Boi Chau was made general secretary of the new association, which existed until 1924. Arrested in southern China by Chinese militarists in 1914, he remained in prison until 1917. In June 1925 he was arrested by the French secret police in Shanghai, taken to Vietnam, and sentenced to life imprisonment at hard labor. He was, however, released in December 1925 under the pressure of public opinion. Thereafter he lived in Hué, to which he was restricted.

Phan Boi Chau had a great interest in Soviet Russia and strove to grasp the significance of the October Revolution. He regarded his literary work as an extension of his political activity. Remaining primarily within the framework of classical genres, he produced the verse epistle Letter From Across the Sea, Written in Blood (1906), the historical novel The Sincere History of Trung Quang (1921), and the narrative poem Medicine for Simple Folk (1927). He summarized his career in his memoirs, Years in the Life of Phan Boi Chau (1939). Phan Boi Chau is revered in Vietnam as a great patriot.


Mkhitarian, S. A. Rabochii klass i natsional’no-osvoboditel’noe dvizhenie vo V’etname. Moscow, 1967.
Nha yeu nu oc va nha van Phan Boi Chau. Hanoi, 1970.


References in periodicals archive ?
TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] Returns to Viet Nam: Liang Qichao and Phan Boi Chau
In the middle of the 1920s, was it really "the venerable voices of Phan Chu Trinh, in public lectures, and Phan Boi Chau, speaking in his defence during his trial", that "woke many Vietnamese from the mental somnolence induced by living under French rule" (p.
Junto con ello, y tras considerar la calidad de las fuentes secundarias encontradas, en este estudio tambien se incluyo la influencia de la guerra sobre el vietnamita Phan Boi Chau y una revision sobre algunos dirigentes e intelectuales musulmanes, tales como el egipcio Ali Ahmad al-Jarjawi y el tartaro Abdurresid Ibrahim.
The nationalist forerunner Phan Chau Trinh (1872-1926; also known as Phan Chu Trinh) is just barely known to the non-Vietnamese public, usually being relegated to a role in the shadow of the well-known wouldbe revolutionary Phan Boi Chau.
A Hanoi les oeuvres ou histoires des Lu-thoa (Rousseau), Ti-tu-mach (Bismarck) ou Cach-lan-tu-don (Gladstone) peuvent etre trouvees a l'Ecole Libre de Tonkin (Dong Kinh Nghia Thuc), ecole fondee en 1906 par Phan Chau Trinh et Phan Boi Chau avec le but d'assurer l'education et l'enlevement de l'elite locale (29).
Phan Boi Chau, the great Vietnamese patriot, lived in Hue during those years, confined under house arrest by a French colonial court order.
Though De Tham's area of control was limited, it was, in the words of nationalist leader Phan Boi Chau (1867-1940), "like a little island of freedom after the loss of our country.
Furthermore, Phan Boi Chau placed much of the blame for Vietnam's ills on the French, while Phan Chau Trinh saw many of the problems stemming from the failures of the Vietnamese people themselves.
Overturned Chariot: The Autobiography of Phan Boi Chau.
Cu'o'ng De is a well-known figure in the narrative of Vietnamese nationalism, but he is usually overshadowed by Phan Boi Chau, with whom he was associated for a number of years, or else by the activities of the Japanese who were his patrons for much of his life.
Phan Boi Chau was deeply interested in what was going on in China, Korea and the world beyond.
For example, he has provided excerpts of writings by well-known anti-colonial activists such as Phan Boi Chau, Phan Chau Trinh, Nguyen An Ninh, and Tran Huy Lieu.