Phan Chu Trinh

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Phan Chu Trinh
BirthplaceTam Kỳ, Quảng Nam, Annam, French Indochina
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Phan Chu Trinh


Born 1872, in Quang Nam Province; died Mar. 24, 1926, in Saigon. Vietnamese political figure.

In August 1906, Phan Chu Trinh published an open letter to the governor-general of Indochina, criticizing the policies of the colonial authorities. The propaganda work he conducted in favor of reform contributed to an upsurge of peasant protests against excessive taxes. He was sentenced to death in 1908, but the sentence was commuted to life imprisonment at hard labor; he was pardoned in 1910 as a result of public pressure. Phan Chu Trinh lived in France from 1911 to 1925. In 1925 he took part in the Vietnamese Constitutional Party’s efforts to develop a program of democratic demands. Upon returning to his homeland, he gave public lectures on monarchy and democracy.

Phan Chu Trinh fought for the abolition of feudal institutions and the attainment of Vietnamese independence by nonviolent means. In the 1920’s he defended the idea of a parliamentary republic. His funeral was accompanied by mass patriotic rallies. Together with Phan Boi Chau, Phan Chu Trinh is revered by the Vietnamese people as a great patriot.


Mkhitarian, S. A. Rabochii klass i natsional’no-osvoboditel’noe dvizhenie vo V’etname (1885–1930). Moscow, 1967.
Ton Quang Phiet. Phan Boi Chau va Phan Chu Trinh. Hanoi, 1956.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The volumes covering the years between 1885 and 1925 show, again, only scattered use of the term, reinforcing the impression gained from my more detailed survey of the works of Phan Boi Chau and Phan Chu Trinh that the term's appearance was sporadic and inconsistent.
In the middle of the 1920s, was it really "the venerable voices of Phan Chu Trinh, in public lectures, and Phan Boi Chau, speaking in his defence during his trial", that "woke many Vietnamese from the mental somnolence induced by living under French rule" (p.
The nationalist forerunner Phan Chau Trinh (1872-1926; also known as Phan Chu Trinh) is just barely known to the non-Vietnamese public, usually being relegated to a role in the shadow of the well-known wouldbe revolutionary Phan Boi Chau.
Located at the intersection of Tran Hung Dao and Phan Chu Trinh avenues, Hilton Garden Inn Hanoi is in the French Quarter of Hanoi.
Located at the intersection of Tran Hung Dao and Phan Chu Trinh Avenues, Hilton Garden Inn Hanoi occupies a premium location in the French quarter of Hanoi, known for being the business and leisure center of the city.
The turning point of the evolution of journalism took place in 1925-1926, when newspapers launched a campaign against the trial of Phan Boi Chau and the death of Phan Chu Trinh. The mourning of Phan Chu Trinh spawned big demonstrations throughout the country.
Chau himself said that this work brought him into contact with other prominent nationalists including Phan Chu Trinh.(6) Believing that Vietnam could expect help only from people of Asian race, Chau set off for southern China and Japan in late 1904 to seek assistance for Vietnamese nationalist activity, particularly for the Modernization Organization which had been founded in 1904 with Cuong De at the helm.
it is not unnecessary to add that appraising historical personages is a practice regularly performed in Nghien Cuu Lich Su, figures discussed in that manner include Duong Van Nga, Ho Quy Ly, Nguyen Cong Tru, Nguyen Truong To, Luu Vinh Phuc, Phan Chu Trinh. .
By then, as the author wryly notes, members of the new nationalist Vietnamese elite such as Phan Chu Trinh were condemning the monarchy as "a cadaver that the French government has ...