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Related to Phanariots: dragoman, Greek War of Independence


Phanar or Fanar (both: fănˈər, fənärˈ), Greek quarter of Constantinople (now İstanbul). Under the Ottoman Empire, Phanar was the residence of the privileged Greek families, called Phanariots. They came into prominence in the late 17th cent. and held influential positions until the Greek war of independence began in 1821. The city is still the site of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Constantinople.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(literally, “inhabitant of the Phanar,” a quarter of Istanbul in which the Greek patriarch resided), members of the Greek clergy and mercantile aristocracy in the Ottoman Empire during the 18th and early 19th centuries. Among the Phanar-iots were the Mavrokordatos, Ypsilantis, Suzzo, and Karagias families. The Phanariots enjoyed considerable privileges, including the right to hold such high posts as dragoman and lord in the Turkish administration. They lost their power in Walachia and Moldova as a result of the Walachian Revolt of 1821 and in Greece during the Greek War of Independence of 1821–29.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Despite its prosopographical aspects, the book is not a comprehensive social or political history of the Phanariots. Central to the narrative is Stephanos Vogorides [1770-1859], a "second-tier" Phanariot who came from a Hellenized Bulgarian family, attended school in Bucharest, and was socialized into the Phanariot administrative network in Moldavia-Wallachia.
In the first decade of the nineteenth century, he used his connections to insinuate himself into Ottoman politics and established patronage and marriage connections, which facilitated his rise within the Phanariot system.
She demonstrates that the Phanariot system bore striking similarity to, and maintained robust linkages with, other patronage networks that crystallized around the ayan (provincial nobility), janissaries, and high officials.
Mango, Cyril, "The Phanariots and the Byzantine Tradition", The Struggle for Greek Independence.
A., The Phanariots, A Greek Aristocracy under Turkish Rule, London, 1951.
Papachristou, Panayotis Alexandrou, The Three Faces of the Phanariots: An Inquiry into the Role and Motivations of the Greek Nobility under Ottoman Rule, 1683-1821, Master Thesis, Simon Fraser University, 1992.
Panayotis Alexandrou Papachristou, The Th ree Faces of the Phanariots: An Inquiry into the Role and Motivations of the Greek Nobility under Ottoman Rule, 1683-1821, Basilmamis Yuksek Lisans Tesi, Simon Fraser University, 1992, s.9-10.
Pallis, The Phanariots, A Greek Aristocracy under Turkish Rule, Londra, 1951.
(28) Damien Janos, "Panaiotis Nicousios and Alexander Mavrocordatos: The Rise of the Phanariots and the Offi ce of Grand Dragoman in the Ottoman Administration in the Second Half of the Seventeenth Century", Archivum Ottomanicum, Cilt 23, 2005, s.177-196; Philip Mansel, Constantinople, City of the World's Desire, 1453-1924, New York, St.
(32) Jelavich, Russia and the Formation of the Romanian, s.3; Pallis, The Phanariots, s.106; Christine Philliou, "Communities on the Verge: Unraveling the Phanariot Ascendancy in Ottoman Governance", Comparative Studies in Society and History, Cilt 51, 2009, s.153.
(62) Mango, "The Phanariots and the Byzantine Tradition", s.41-66; Dan Berindei, "Princes Phanariotes des Principautes Roumaines: une forme de resurrection de Byzance?", Byzant.
In addition to governing the related regions in this period, the Phanariotes also provided intelligence about European States to Ottoman Empire, make works of interpreting and played important roles in international relations.