Pharaoh


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See also: Dynasties of Ancient Egypt (table)Dynasties of Ancient Egypt

Old Kingdom (or Old Empire)
Dynasty Years Famous Rulers
I 3110–2884 B.C. Menes
II 2884–2780 B.C.  
III 2780–2680 B.C. Snefru
IV 2680–2565 B.C. Khufu (Cheops), Khafre, Menkaure. Age of the great pyramids.
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pharaoh

(fâr`ō) [Heb., from Egyptian,=the great house], title of the kings of ancient Egypt. Of the pharaohs in the Bible, Shishak is Sheshonk ISheshonk I
or Shoshenk I
, d. c.929 or 924 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, founder of the XXII (Libyan) dynasty. Originally a commander of mercenaries at Heracleopolis, he assumed (c.950 B.C.) royal authority when the weak dynasty at Tanis died out.
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, Neco or Necoh is NechoNecho
, 609–593 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, 2d ruler of the XXVI dynasty, the son and successor of Psamtik and grandson of Necho, lord of Saïs. Necho took advantage of the confusion that followed the fall of Nineveh (612) to invade Palestine and Syria, both of which
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, and Hophra is ApriesApries
, king of ancient Egypt (588–569 B.C.), of the XXVI dynasty; successor of Psamtik II. Apries sought to recover Syria and Palestine. He attacked Tyre and Sidon but failed (586 B.C.) to relieve the siege of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar.
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. Many scholars believe that the pharaoh who oppressed the Jews in chapters 1–14 of the Book of Exodus was Seti ISeti I
, d. 1290 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XIX dynasty; son and successor of Ramses I. He succeeded to the throne c.1302 B.C. Invading Palestine and Syria, Seti I reduced them again to tributary status, and defeated the Libyans.
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 and that his son Ramses IIRamses II
, Rameses II,
or Ramesses II
, d. 1225 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XIX dynasty. The son of Seti I, Ramses was not the heir to the throne but usurped it from his brother. He reigned for 67 years (1292–1225 B.C.).
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 was the pharaoh of the Exodus.

See also Dynasties of Ancient EgyptDynasties of Ancient Egypt

Old Kingdom (or Old Empire)
Dynasty Years Famous Rulers
I 3110–2884 B.C. Menes
II 2884–2780 B.C.  
III 2780–2680 B.C. Snefru
IV 2680–2565 B.C. Khufu (Cheops), Khafre, Menkaure. Age of the great pyramids.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (table).

Pharaoh

 

an ancient Egyptian king; also, beginning with the 22nd Dynasty, the title of the king. The term “pharaoh” came from the ancient Egyptian per-o, meaning “great house,” and was passed down through biblical tradition as “pharaoh” (ancient Hebrew, paroh; Greek, pharao). According to ancient Egyptian beliefs, the pharaoh was the sun god as well as the earthly embodiment of Horus and the heir of Osiris.

Pharaoh

had dreams of cattle and corn by which Joseph was able to foretell the future. [O.T.: Genesis 41]

Pharaoh

imposed cruel burdens of labor on the Hebrews. [O.T.: Exodus 5]

Pharaoh

refuses to heed Moses’s mandate from God. [O.T.: Exodus 7:13, 22–23, 8:32, 9:7, 12]

Pharaoh

the title of the ancient Egyptian kings
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