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pharaoh

pharaoh (fârˈō) [Heb., from Egyptian,=the great house], title of the kings of ancient Egypt. Of the pharaohs in the Bible, Shishak is Sheshonk I, Neco or Necoh is Necho, and Hophra is Apries. Many scholars believe that the pharaoh who oppressed the Jews in chapters 1–14 of the Book of Exodus was Seti I and that his son Ramses II was the pharaoh of the Exodus.

See also Dynasties of Ancient Egypt (table).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pharaoh

 

an ancient Egyptian king; also, beginning with the 22nd Dynasty, the title of the king. The term “pharaoh” came from the ancient Egyptian per-o, meaning “great house,” and was passed down through biblical tradition as “pharaoh” (ancient Hebrew, paroh; Greek, pharao). According to ancient Egyptian beliefs, the pharaoh was the sun god as well as the earthly embodiment of Horus and the heir of Osiris.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Pharaoh

had dreams of cattle and corn by which Joseph was able to foretell the future. [O.T.: Genesis 41]

Pharaoh

imposed cruel burdens of labor on the Hebrews. [O.T.: Exodus 5]

Pharaoh

refuses to heed Moses’s mandate from God. [O.T.: Exodus 7:13, 22–23, 8:32, 9:7, 12]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Pharaoh

the title of the ancient Egyptian kings
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Pharoah's Advocate (Lesley Sercombe) The Sheik-J'Adore2.
There is no sign of jet-lag as Pharoah comes out to greet visitors at the 2,000-acre Ashford Stud at Versailles, in the heart of bluegrass country outside Lexington.
Justify, who paid $2.80, $2.80 and $2.60 as the deserved favorite and improved to 5-0, showed more evidence of being the same kind of super horse as American Pharoah, and Baffert has repeatedly drawn comparisons between them.
Jay Pharoah, an actor, impressionist and former Saturday Night Live comedian, stood in front of a mirror beneath the glaring lights of Titan Fitness Studio, a gym in Chelsea.
But once I saw him going into the last turn, I could tell Pharoah was in that mode." Baffert was already one of the sport's pre-eminent names, thanks to a career that includes 12 Breeders' Cup victories, four at the Kentucky Derby, six at the Preakness and two at Belmont.
Much in the way punters this side of the pond took heroes Kauto Star and Frankel to their hearts, the Pharoah was worshipped in his homeland.
American Pharoah's remarkable runin particular those seven triumphant months between his Kentucky Derby victory and runaway romp in the Breeders' Cup Classicset him up for a longer calling beyond the track.
American Pharoah produced a dazzling performance in becoming the first Triple Crown hero to win the Breeders' Cup Classic as he led his rivals a merry dance at Keeneland.
Meanwhile, home hero American Pharoah (4-6 Fav) cemented his place in racing folklore with an effortless success in the Classic as he bowed out at the top.
Aidan O'Brien has nominated dual Guineas hero Gleneagles for the Breeders' Cup Classic in which he could take on American Triple Crown winner American Pharoah.
IN TAKING Pity, the fourth novel of the DS Aector McAvoy and DS Trish Pharoah series, former journalist David Mark continues to follow the pair of tortured souls.
American Pharoah, the three year-old bay colt, is the first American Triple Crown winner in thoroughbred racing since Affirmed turned the trick in 1978.