(redirected from Pharoah Khufu)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.


(kho͞o`fo͞o) or


(kē`ŏps), fl. c.2680 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, founder of the IV dynasty. He was king for 23 years and was famous as the builder of the greatest pyramidpyramid.
The true pyramid exists only in Egypt, though the term has also been applied to similar structures in other countries. Egyptian pyramids are square in plan and their triangular sides, which directly face the points of the compass, slope upwards at approximately a
..... Click the link for more information.
 at Giza.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Greek, Cheops), Egyptian pharaoh who ruled in the beginning of the 27th century B.C.

The fragments of a manuscript pertaining to the reign of Khufu have been preserved, as well as a cliff bas-relief depicting Khufu’s victory over the Bedouin in Wadi Maghara, an area of copper and turquoise deposits on the Sinai Peninsula. Khufu’s name has also been found in diorite quarries in northern Nubia, northwest of Abu Simbel. Herodotus, in relating the ancient Egyptian tradition about the construction of the pyramids, describes Khufu as a despot, who brought hardships upon Egypt and forced the population to work for him.

Khufu’s pyramid in Giza (Gizeh), which rises to a height of 146.6 m, is the largest pyramid in Egypt.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.