Khufu(redirected from Pharoah cheops)
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(Greek, Cheops), Egyptian pharaoh who ruled in the beginning of the 27th century B.C.
The fragments of a manuscript pertaining to the reign of Khufu have been preserved, as well as a cliff bas-relief depicting Khufu’s victory over the Bedouin in Wadi Maghara, an area of copper and turquoise deposits on the Sinai Peninsula. Khufu’s name has also been found in diorite quarries in northern Nubia, northwest of Abu Simbel. Herodotus, in relating the ancient Egyptian tradition about the construction of the pyramids, describes Khufu as a despot, who brought hardships upon Egypt and forced the population to work for him.
Khufu’s pyramid in Giza (Gizeh), which rises to a height of 146.6 m, is the largest pyramid in Egypt.