Pharsalus


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Related to Pharsalus: Philippi, Thapsus

Pharsalus

(fär`säləs), ancient city, Thessaly, Greece. Near there in 48 B.C., Julius Caesar decisively defeated Pompey, who had a much larger force. Lucan's Bellum Civile (often called Pharsalia) is an epic of the civil war.

Pharsalus

 

(now Farsala), a city in Greece, in the nome of Larisa in Thessaly. The Pharsalus area was the site of a decisive battle on June 6, 48 B.C., during the Roman Civil War of 49–45 B.C., between the troops of Julius Caesar (30,000 infantry and 1,000–2,000 cavalry) and Pompey the Great (more than 30,000 infantry and 3,000–4,000 cavalry). Caesar’s infantry attacked the enemy infantry from the front. On the flank, Pompey’s cavalry, diverted into pursuit of Caesar’s retreating cavalry, came under a flank attack by Caesar’s reserve infantry and was routed, whereupon Caesar’s cavalry and infantry emerged in the rear of the enemy’s infantry and surrounded them. Pompey fled by sea to Egypt, and his remaining troops (24,000 men) were taken captive. The fall of the republic was hastened by this victory of Caesar’s.

Pharsalus

an ancient town in Thessaly in N Greece. Several major battles were fought nearby, including Caesar's victory over Pompey (48 bc)
References in periodicals archive ?
Residents of Pharsalus seemed to have the same opinion.
12) Labienus narrates the account of the battle at Pharsalus, highlighting the tragic aspects of the unlawful civil conflict.
34) The commentaries on Pharsalus and on Verona which appear on pages 26, 27, 30, 43, and 240 originate in the Guides bleus for Greece and Italy: Grece (Paris: Hachette, 1962), p.
Lucan does not spare him, from his hollow boasting as he retreats from Italy in book 2 to his flight from the battlefield of Pharsalus and his readiness to make a treasonous alliance with Parthia against Caesar's Rome.
Indeed, had Caesar been the only one to cross, it is hard to imagine (despite his military prowess) that he would have actualized another of his well-known attributes: "victor at Pharsalus.
Had Pompey won the battle of Pharsalus in 48 and filled the Roman establishment with his followers, we would doubtless find their names in the letters instead.
A dreadful vision': the Latin is dira quies, the same phrase as Lucan uses of the dreaming Pompey at Pharsalus.
Poet and Roman republican patriot whose historical epic, the Bellum civile, better known as the Pharsalia because of its vivid account of the Battle of Pharsalus, is remarkable as the single major Latin epic poem that eschewed the intervention of the gods.
Principal battles: Bibracte (near Autun) (58), the Rhine (55), Alesia (Alise-Sainte Reine, near Montbard) (52), Ilerda (Lerida) (49), Pharsalus (Farsala) (48), Zela (Zile) (47), Thapsus (46), and Munda (in western Andalusia) (45).
After the battle at Pharsalus (48 bc ), which ended in the defeat of Pompey, Caesar pardoned Brutus and made him one of his companions.
After he had been defeated by Julius Caesar at Pharsalus in 49 BC, Pompey sought refuge in Alexandria, which was then the capital city of Egypt, but the Pharaoh, Ptolemy XIII, had him assassinated, hoping to ingratiate himself with Caesar.
23) Lucan offers a fictitious account of the last conversation between Pompey and his fifth wife, Cornelia, before the battle of Pharsalus (Phars.