The total volume of emulsion, V is comprised of the dispersed

phase volume, [V.sub.d] and the continuous

phase volume, [V.sub.c].

[phi] is a

phase volume number with the relation equation of [[phi].sub.L] + [[phi].sub.S] = 1, in which the subscripts L and S represent the liquid and solid phases, respectively, while i and k are the tensor coordinates.

where: y is ratio of removed part of the substance to its whole amount that was in the cake before washing, The value is in interval 0-1, Na is ratio of washing liquid volume to solid

phase volume, this characterizes usage of washing liquid, [c.sub.0] is concentration of the scrubbed components in the bath, [c.sub.p] is the initial concentration of the scrubbed components in the solid phase (filtration cake), [C.sub.0] is dimensionless concentration of the scrubbed components in the bath.

The amount of fcc-1 rapidly decreases when [sigma]

phase volume increases.

The analysis of the XRD data involved fitting the diffraction peaks with a series of Lorentzians to extract lattice parameter, crystallite size, and

phase volume.

Due to the fact that there were only two types of seepage fluids in the fractured rock pores, the water

phase volume fraction [Y.sub.1] and sand

phase volume fraction [Y.sub.2] met the following conditions:

The choice of methanol volume in the ultrasonic extraction process requires two aspects: on one hand, there is a need for sufficient methanol to facilitate the extraction of the OPPs from the wheat sample as much as possible; on the other hand, a suitable volume of methanol is required to better disperse the ionic liquid in the DLLME to obtain a suitable deposition

phase volume for subsequent injection analysis.

A change of the conformation of hemoglobin hematoporphyrin (both cytoplasmic and membrane-bound) is may be interconnected with changes in the morphometric indicators of erythrocytes (erythrocyte surface area, phase height,

phase volume, and hemoglobin distribution).

Here [phi] (dimensionless) denotes the

phase volume fraction, [rho] (kg/[m.sup.3]) is the density, and u (m/s) is the velocity of each phase.

The percentage of each

phase volume in relation to the total volume was calculated.

Because the absorption coefficient [epsilon]([[lambda].sub.UV]) is expected to depend on the ambient temperature and gas density, comparisons of estimated vapor

phase volume fractions generated by the different injectors under different ambient conditions would be of questionable value.