Phasianidae


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Phasianidae

[‚fāz·ē′an·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A family of game birds in the order Galliformes; typically, members are ground feeders, have bare tarsi and copious plumage, and lack feathers around the nostrils.

Phasianidae

 

a family of birds of the order Galliformes. Unlike members of the related family Tetraonidae, the Phasianidae have bare tarsometatarsi, which in males of some species have a sharp spur. They lack a horny covering on the digits and feathers over the nostrils. The family comprises 165 species, including the quail, partridge, black partridge, snow pheasant, jungle fowl, pheasant, argus pheasant, and peacock. The Phasianidae are found in Europe, Asia, and America, except the polar regions, and in Africa. There are 13 species in the USSR: the common quail, the quail Coturnix japonicus, the chukar partridge, Bon-ham’s partridge, the Hungarian partridge, the bearded partridge, five species of snow pheasant, the black partridge, and the pheasant.

The Phasianidae inhabit steppes, meadows, rocky cliffs, shrub thickets, and forests, in both mountainous areas and plains. Most lead a sedentary way of life, except for local movements, while a few, such as the quail, are migratory. Most species nest on the ground; only the forest-dwelling trogopan nests in trees, in the abandoned nests of crows and other birds. The clutch contains two to 20 eggs. In some species the female incubates the eggs and cares for the young, while in other species the male shares these duties. The birds feed on shoots, seeds, and tubers, as well as insects and other invertebrates.

Many Phasianidae are game birds. Some have been of great importance to man: the jungle fowl is the ancestor of domestic fowl, peacocks have been domesticated, pheasant are raised for hunting, and quail are raised on special farms.

REFERENCE

Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 5. Moscow, 1970.

A. I. IVANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Primero registro de cinco especies de nematoides em Phasianus colchicus Linnaeus (Aves, galliformes, Phasianidae no Brazil.
Phylogenetic relationships and rates of allozyme evolution within the Phasianidae.
The results obtained in this study were compared with values from studies done in houbara bustards (Chlamydotis undulata), kori bustards (Ardeotis kori), stone curlews (Burhinus oedicnemus), and taxonomically related species from the order Galliformes, family Phasianidae, including ring-necked pheasants (Phasianus colchicus), red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa), Kashmir native fowl (Kashmir favorella), and domestic fowl (Assil, Fayoumi, and Bangladesh native fowl) (Gallus domesticus).
First report of a natural helminth infection in the Japanese quail Coturnix japonica Temminck and Schlegel (Aves, Phasianidae, Galliformes) in the neotropical region.
Grey francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus) belongs to order Galliformes and family Phasianidae which is distributed in the plains and drier parts of South Asia (IUCN, 2013; Birdlife International, 2012).
Indian peafowl (Pavo cristatus), also known as blue or common peafowl, is the largest bird of family Phasianidae (Roberts, 1991).
Furthermore, although the chicken, fowl, guinea fowl, Japanese quail and red jungle fowl were in the same family of Phasianidae and took similar foods, these differences still existed to varying degrees (Aitken, 1958; Pastor et al.
The blue-eared pheasant (Crossoptilon auritum) belongs to the family Phasianidae, Order Galliformes.
pondicerianus) belong to Perdicinae sub family (francolins, partridges and old world quails) of the family Phasianidae.