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a genus of birds of the family Phasianidae of the and the Japanese pheasant order Galliformes. The body measures as much as 85 cm in length and weighs as much as 1.7–2 kg; the female is smaller than the male. The male has bright plumage with a metallic sheen, while the female is a grayish sandy color. The genus includes two species: the true pheasant (Ph. colchicus) and the Japanese pheasant (Ph. vesicolor).

There are approximately 30 geographical varieties of true pheasant, which differ in coloration. These varieties are found from Ciscaucasia and the Volga delta across Middle and Central Asia to Primor’e Krai and southeastern China. The true pheasant lives in forests with undergrowth, in thickets along river valleys and lakes, and among shrubs growing along fields. It nests on the ground. The clutch contains eight to 18 eggs, which the female incubates 24 or 25 days; the female alone cares for the young. The diet includes seeds, small fruits, and shoots, as well as insects, mollusks, and worms. A valuable game bird, the true pheasant is raised on special farms in many countries, including the USSR, where it is raised mainly in the Ukraine.

The Japanese pheasant is distributed in Japan.

References in periodicals archive ?
Canada geese Branta canadensis and ring-necked pheasants Phasianus colchicus) were open to hunt within Suisun Marsh, thereby still resulting in potential human disturbance.
Los cebadores 18SEUDIR-18SEUINV fueron empleados como control positivo de amplificacion del ADN total presente en las muestras 12SCODIR 12SFAISDIR Nombre comun Nombre en latin 12SCOINV 12SFAISINV Codorniz Coturnix coturnix 129 pb -- (a) Faisan Phasianus colchicus -- 113 pb Perdiz roja Alectoris rufa -- -- Perdiz chukar Alectoris chukar -- -- Perdiz moruna Alectoris barbara -- -- Pintada Numida meleagris -- -- Urogallo Tetrao urogallus -- -- Becada Scolopax rusticola -- -- Paloma torcaz Columba palumbus -- -- Zorzal comun Turdus philomelas -- -- Pollo Gallus gallus -- -- Pavo Meleagris gallipavo -- -- Pato de berberia Cairina moschata -- -- Oca Anser anser -- -- Vaca Bos taurus -- -- Oveja Ovis aries -- -- Cabra Capra hircus -- -- Cerdo Sus scrofa dom.
Ten estates also released pheasants Phasianus colchicus on the moor margins for sport shooting, of which three released both pheasants and red-legged partridges Alectoris rufa.
Intra- and intersexual selection in the pheasant Phasianus colchicus.