Phenanthrene

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phenanthrene

[fə′nan‚thrēn]
(organic chemistry)
C14H10 A colorless, crystalline hydrocarbon; melts at about 100°C; the nucleus is produced by the degradation of certain alkaloids; used in the synthesis of dyes and drugs.

Phenanthrene

 

a tricyclic aromatic hydrocarbon occurring as colorless crystals that are insoluble in water and soluble in organic solvents. Phenanthrene has a melting point of 101°C and a boiling point of 340°C. The structural formula is

Phenanthrene solutions possess a light blue fluorescence. The compound, together with its linear isomer anthracene, is contained in coal tar. Derivatives of the compound in which the phenanthrene rings are partially or completely hydrogenated are commonly encountered in plants and animals (resin acids, steroids). Phenanthrene is used in the production of dyes.

References in periodicals archive ?
[24] had quantified bibenzyls, phenanthrenes, and flavanones, which are used for plant identification among the Dendrobium species.
The phenanthrene series is mainly associated with the maturity of crude oil and source rocks [20].
The mass chromatograms of naphthalenes, phenanthrenes and akyl derivatives of representative coal and shale extracts from the Maastrichtian Mamu Formation in the Anambra Basin are shown in Figures 4a-b and 5a-b, respectively.
Although TWAs for specific PAHs are not given in these workplace standards, the OSHA analytical method for coal tar pitch volatiles specifies target concentrations for selected PAHs, including phenanthrene, anthracene, pyrene, chrysene, and benzo[a]pyrene (33).
Substituted phenanthrenes as inducers of hepatic mixed function oxygenase (MFO) in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).
If one assumes such shallow areas contain a mix of diesel, seep, and ValdezoiI, he says, then one can attribute much of any phenanthrenes and chrysenes present to seep oil, and much of the dibenzothiophene signature to diesel.
Triaromatics in aromatic fraction are mainly composed of phenanthrene and C1-C5-alkylated phenanthrenes.
Kenplast G low-viscosity mixture of alkylated naphthalenes and phenanthrenes is an extender for epoxies, a secondary plasticizer for PVC, and a reportedly excellent compatibilizer for PVC/vinyl acetate combinations.
The identification of hopanes, steranes, n-alkanes, phenanthrenes, dibenzotiophenes, benzocarbazols and aromatic steroids was followed by using the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analytical technique on 30 crude oils from the Marcelina (Paleocene) reservoir at the Alturitas oil field, Maracaibo Lake Basin, Venezuela.
Veeraghavan These three well produced monographs, the first on benzo [a] pyrenes and benzo [e] pyrenes, the second on cyclopenta [a] phenanthrenes and the third on benz [a] anthracenes are companion volumes in the Cambridge Monographs series on cancer research.