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an elementary, distinct genetic trait that is distinguishable in the phenotype of a given individual. The term was introduced in 1909 by the Danish geneticist W. Johannsen. Beginning in the 1960’s, it has been used in studies on population zoology and population botany to designate characters (markers) of the genotypic composition of populations, an approach permitting a genetic analysis of those species whose genetic investigation would otherwise be difficult or impossible. The isolation and classification of phenes is a major trend of research in genetics and population biology. The study of the distribution of phenes within populations and species is the task of phenogeography.


Timofeev-Resovskii, N. V., and A. V. Iablokov. “Feny, fenetika i evoliutsionnaia biologiia.” Priroda, 1973, no. 5.
Johannsen, W. Elemente der exakten Erblichkeitslehre mit Grundzügen der biologischen Variationsstatistik, 3rd ed. Jena, 1926.


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Although knowledge flows may be sticky across national boundaries, it eventually gets diffused (Tallman and Phene 2007).
External collaboration is critical for achieving an effective innovation sourcing process (Almeida and Phene 2004; Azadegan and Dooley 2010).
A device that can sense the SWT in situ and produce an electrical output signal can be used to control irrigation automatically (Ayars 6 Phene, 2007).
This change perceived in the role of the subsidiaries is important, since it demonstrates their role in globalizing innovation, and consequently in MNC innovator capacity (Phene & Almeida, 2008).
--aprendizaje intraorganizacional--o una adquisicion distante --aprendizaje interorganizacional--(Donate y Guadamillas, 2011; Holmqvist, 2004): el primero tiene relacion con la busqueda en profundidad--igual trayectoria--, en tanto que el segundo se asocia con la busqueda en amplitud --diferente trayectoria- (Phene, Tallman y Almeida, 2012; Rosenkopf y Nerkar, 2001).
[9] Rhoades Jd, Phene Cj, Rawlins Sl, Irrigation of cotton with saline drainage water".
Early in 2001, Taylor and Mills [31] reported diodes formed by electrodeposition of a carbon-bridged dithiophene polymer poly[4-dicyano methylene-4H-cyclopenta[2,1 -b:3,4-b']dithio phene (PCDM) (Fig.
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This increases their embeddedness in the host environment and enhances opportunities to exploit and assimilate new knowledge (Phene, Almeida 2008).