phenylacetic acid

(redirected from Phenylacetate)
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phenylacetic acid

[¦fen·əl·ə′sēd·ik ′as·əd]
(organic chemistry)
C8H8O2 White crystals with a boiling point of 262°C; soluble in alcohol and ether; used in perfumes, medicine, and flavoring and in the manufacture of penicillin. Also known as α-toluic acid.
References in periodicals archive ?
Release date- 12082019 - Mallinckrodt plc (NYSE: MNK), a global biopharmaceutical company, today confirmed enrollment of the first patient in the company's Phase 2a study assessing the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and safety of the oral investigational drug MNK-6106 (L-ornithine phenylacetate) versus rifaximin in patients with hepatic (liver) cirrhosis and hepatic encephalopathy (HE).
Mallinckrodt plc a global biopharmaceutical company, today confirmed enrollment of the first patient in the company's Phase 2a study assessing the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and safety of the oral investigational drug MNK-6106 (L-ornithine phenylacetate) versus rifaximin in patients with hepatic (liver) cirrhosis and hepatic encephalopathy (HE).
The arylesterase and paraoxonase activities of PON1 were measured spectrophotometrically using the substrates phenylacetate and paraoxon (O, O-diethyl O-(4-nitrophenyl) phosphate), respectively [23].
Arylesterase activity of paraoxonase 1 (POX-1) was measured spectrophotometrically using phenylacetate as a substrate (28-29).
In the study, 10 patients transitioned to Raviciti from sodium phenylbutyrate, three transitioned from intravenous sodium benzoate and sodium phenylacetate, and three were treatment naive.
Also, although the two enzymes have different natural substrates, the PON has the ability to hydrolyse phenylacetate, the natural substrate of ARE.
Treatment with sodium benzoate and sodium phenylacetate, used in urea cycle disorders, is recommended if the ammonium levels are greater than 100 uM [27].
Moreover, phenylacetylglutamine is a product that is formed by the conjugation of phenylacetate and glutamine.
In detail, sweetness, umami, richness, and acceptance, marked with small circles, were closely located with ethyl phenylacetate, 5-methyl furfural, amyl cinnamal, ethyl myristate, decyl aldehyde, 1-phenylethyl acetate, 1-octen-3-ol, 3-buten-2-ol, butanoic acid, and caproaldehyde on the right side along the X-matrix.
(vi) Arylesterase enzymatic activity of paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) was assayed by measuring initial hydrolysis rates of phenylacetate as described in detail in previous reports [14,16,22].