Philemon

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Philemon

(fīlē`mən), c.360–c.265 B.C., Greek poet of the New Comedy. He was in ancient times considered second only to MenanderMenander
, 342?–291? B.C., Greek poet, the most famous writer of New Comedy. He wrote ingenious plays using the love plot as his theme; his style is elegant and elaborate and his characters are highly developed.
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. Fragments of his plays, originally numbering 97, survive.

Philemon

(fĭlē`mən), letter of the New Testament, written to a Colossian named Philemon by PaulPaul, Saint,
d. A.D. 64? or 67?, the apostle to the Gentiles, b. Tarsus, Asia Minor. He was a Jew. His father was a Roman citizen, probably of some means, and Paul was a tentmaker by trade. His Jewish name was Saul.
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, probably when the latter was a prisoner in Rome (c.A.D. 60). Onesimus, Philemon's fugitive slave, had found Paul and become a Christian. Paul sent him back to his master with a personal note adjuring the Christian master to accept Onesimus not merely as a slave but as a brother. Onesimus' name means "useful" in Greek. Philemon, the shortest of the Pauline letters, is thought by some scholars to have been written at the same time as the (probably pseudonymous) ColossiansColossians
, New Testament letter. It was written to the Christians of Colossae and Laodicea, ostensibly by Paul while he was in prison, presumably in Rome (c.A.D. 60). Its writing was provoked by the appearance of false teachers who taught some sort of gnostic doctrine
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 and EphesiansEphesians
, letter of the New Testament, written, according to tradition, by St. Paul to the Christians of Ephesus from his captivity at Rome (c.A.D. 60). There is ground for believing that the letter was intended as an encyclical.
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. The names Mark, Aristarchus, and Demas occur in both Philemon and Colossians.

Philemon

New Testament
1. a Christian of Colossae whose escaped slave came to meet Paul
2. the book (in full The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to Philemon), asking Philemon to forgive the slave for escaping