Philadelphia Orchestra


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Philadelphia Orchestra,

founded 1900 by Fritz Scheel, who was its conductor until his death in 1907. Scheel was followed by Karl Pohlig (1907–12). Under the leadership (1912–38) of Leopold StokowskiStokowski, Leopold
, 1882–1977, American conductor, b. London. Stokowski studied in England and at the Paris Conservatory. He was organist and choirmaster at St. Bartholomew's Church, New York City (1905–8), and was conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony
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, the orchestra became one of the world's finest ensembles. Eugene OrmandyOrmandy, Eugene
, 1899–1985, American conductor, b. Budapest. At the age of five Ormandy entered the Budapest Conservatory, where he studied the violin. Graduating in 1914, he became a member of the faculty.
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, who was appointed co-conductor with Stokowski in 1936 and helped to further refine the lush and distinctive "Philadelphia sound," was music director from 1938 to 1980. He was replaced as director by Riccardo MutiMuti, Riccardo
, 1941–, Italian conductor. Principal conductor of the Maggio Musicale (1969–81) in Florence and of the Philharmonia Orchestra (1973–82) in London, he became (1977) principal guest conductor of the Philadelphia Orchestra and succeeded (1980)
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, who in turn was succeeded by Wolfgang SawallischSawallisch, Wolfgang,
1923–2013, German conductor, b. Munich. A specialist in the classical German repertoire, Sawallisch began conducting as a teenager. After World War II, he became a coach at the opera house in Augsburg, and made his debut as a conductor there in 1947.
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 in 1993. Christoph EschenbachEschenbach, Christoph,
1940–, German conductor and pianist, b. Breslau, Germany (now Wrocław, Poland), as Christoph Ringmann. Orphaned during World War II, he was adopted by Wallydore Eschenbach, his mother's cousin, who taught him piano.
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 was music director from 2003 to 2008; Charles Dutoit was appointed chief conductor (2008–12) after Eschenbach's departure, and Yannick Nézet-Séguin became music director in 2012. The orchestra played in the Academy of Music (opened 1857), a national historic landmark, until 2001, when Verizon Hall in the Kimmel Center for the Performing Arts opened. It has toured extensively in the United States and abroad. Since the 1930s it has played summer seasons at Robin Hood Dell in Philadelphia's Fairmount Park, where it now performs at the Mann Center for the Performing Arts. It has also had a summer schedule at the Performing Arts Center in Saratoga Springs, N.Y., since 1966.

Bibliography

See study by H. Kupferberg (1969).

References in periodicals archive ?
Screenings will include a never-before-seen introduction and performance with The Philadelphia Orchestra, led by Music Director Yannick Nezet-Seguin.
At sixteen, he was soloing with the Philadelphia Orchestra.
21, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- ESM Productions today announced the global music and entertainment platform, TIDAL, as the official, exclusive, livestreaming partner for the World Meeting of Families -- Philadelphia 2015 events, including the Festival of Families hosted by Mark Wahlberg and featuring performances from Aretha Franklin, Andrea Bocelli, Juanes, The Philadelphia Orchestra, and many more.
With the new Literacy Through the Arts curriculum, created with the Philadelphia Orchestra and the Philadelphia Museum of Art, students in grades one through eight are not only learning about these local institutions but also about the musicians and artists whose work featured there.
Nezet-Seguin, who is Music Director of the Philadelphia Orchestra, will be providing guidance to Kensho Watanabe from Greenwich, Conn.
However, some agitated passengers on one Macau-bound flight from Beijing that had been delayed for three hours on the runway were surprised by a live musical performance courtesy of the Philadelphia Orchestra.
That's when he officially assumes the position of music director of the Philadelphia Orchestra.
Artist in Residence at London's Southbank Centre, Currie is soloist with many of the world's leading orchestras, such as the Concertgebouw Orchestra, Philadelphia Orchestra, Los Angeles Philharmonic, Philharmonia Orchestra and London Philharmonic.
Being one of the most outstanding harpists in the international platform today, Naoko Yoshino's solo engagements with the world's top orchestras have included the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, Israel Philharmonic, Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra, Philharmonia Orchestra, Zurich's Tonhalle Orchestra, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Concentus Musicus Wien, and the NHK Symphony Orchestra, among others.
Franklin and Rice would be the guests of the Philadelphia Orchestra and conductor Rossen Milanov.
Following graduation, he worked as a civilian musician in the Philadelphia Orchestra and the Knoxville Symphony in Knoxville, Tenn.
He discusses his childhood, professional debut as a concert pianist, studies in Europe, teaching career, composing, working with well-known musicians, and how he broke racial barriers such as being the first black pianist to play with the Philadelphia Orchestra, as well as providing brief descriptions of some of his works, including Lilacs.

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