Philadelphia Orchestra


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Philadelphia Orchestra,

founded 1900 by Fritz Scheel, who was its conductor until his death in 1907. Scheel was followed by Karl Pohlig (1907–12). Under the leadership (1912–38) of Leopold StokowskiStokowski, Leopold
, 1882–1977, American conductor, b. London. Stokowski studied in England and at the Paris Conservatory. He was organist and choirmaster at St. Bartholomew's Church, New York City (1905–8), and was conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony
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, the orchestra became one of the world's finest ensembles. Eugene OrmandyOrmandy, Eugene
, 1899–1985, American conductor, b. Budapest. At the age of five Ormandy entered the Budapest Conservatory, where he studied the violin. Graduating in 1914, he became a member of the faculty.
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, who was appointed co-conductor with Stokowski in 1936 and helped to further refine the lush and distinctive "Philadelphia sound," was music director from 1938 to 1980. He was replaced as director by Riccardo MutiMuti, Riccardo
, 1941–, Italian conductor. Principal conductor of the Maggio Musicale (1969–81) in Florence and of the Philharmonia Orchestra (1973–82) in London, he became (1977) principal guest conductor of the Philadelphia Orchestra and succeeded (1980)
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, who in turn was succeeded by Wolfgang SawallischSawallisch, Wolfgang,
1923–2013, German conductor, b. Munich. A specialist in the classical German repertoire, Sawallisch began conducting as a teenager. After World War II, he became a coach at the opera house in Augsburg, and made his debut as a conductor there in 1947.
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 in 1993. Christoph EschenbachEschenbach, Christoph,
1940–, German conductor and pianist, b. Breslau, Germany (now Wrocław, Poland), as Christoph Ringmann. Orphaned during World War II, he was adopted by Wallydore Eschenbach, his mother's cousin, who taught him piano.
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 was music director from 2003 to 2008; Charles Dutoit was appointed chief conductor (2008–12) after Eschenbach's departure. Yannick Nézet-SéguinNézet-Séguin, Yannick,
1975–, Canadian conductor and pianist. After studying piano at the Conservatoire de musique du Québec, Montreal, and choral conducting at the Westminster Choir College, Princeton, N.J.
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 became music director in 2012. The orchestra played in the Academy of Music (opened 1857), a national historic landmark, until 2001, when Verizon Hall in the Kimmel Center for the Performing Arts opened. It has toured extensively in the United States and abroad. Since the 1930s it has played summer seasons at Robin Hood Dell in Philadelphia's Fairmount Park, where it now performs at the Mann Center for the Performing Arts. It has also had a summer schedule at the Performing Arts Center in Saratoga Springs, N.Y., since 1966.

Bibliography

See study by H. Kupferberg (1969).

References in periodicals archive ?
Following the claims, the Philadelphia Orchestra Association withdrew its invitation for Domingo to appear in its opening night concert on September 18.
After hearing about the allegations against Domingo, The Philadelphia Orchestra also withdrew their invitation to the star to appear at its opening night concert next month.
She has been the host, storyteller and narrator for Philadelphia Orchestra and Carnegie Hall's family and school concert series.
Abrams performed as a keyboardist with the Philadelphia Orchestra, won the 2007 Aspen Composition Contest, and was the Assistant Conductor of the YouTube Symphony at Carnegie Hall in 2009.
I then won fourth in the Philadelphia Orchestra, where I remained for eight years.
Tseng studied at the Curtis Institute of Music in the United States and has performed with the Philadelphia Orchestra and the National Orchestra of Belgium.
(In May, she'll be helping create the latest Benjamin stage opus, Lessons in Love and Violetxe, at Covent Garden.) Corrado Roveris, in the pit, was well in the league of the composer (his score's most ubiquitous conductor) and his Opera Philadelphia Orchestra gave him all that he, and Benjamin, asked for.
She ended up meeting with a staffer at The Philadelphia Orchestra, and as fate would have it, someone who was supposed to start a position that day hadn't shown up for their first day.
The Lang Lang International Music Foundation, together with the Philadelphia Orchestra, presented the event as part of the Orchestra's PlayIN series of programs designed to promote access for listeners of all ages to experience orchestral music as listeners or performers.
Jonathan believes what helped him to get the final nod from the panel was the experience he gained in coming close to landing two previous assistant conducting roles, with the Royal Scottish National Orchestra and the Philadelphia Orchestra in the United States.
Rach 2 was the piece that won for Licad the Philadelphia Orchestra annual auditions.

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